What is golf?

The PGA says it's hitting the ball in the hole, plus walking; disabled golfer Casey Martin says the walking doesn't matter. The Supreme Court will be asked to decide.


The most famous words ever possibly uttered about golf were uttered, or not, by Mark Twain, who may or may not have called it “a good walk spoiled.” You never know with those famous Mark Twain quotes whether he actually said the thing he was supposed to have said.

The whole thing is going to the Supreme Court.

That is, whether walking is an integral part of golf. The PGA Tour said it would file a motion with the Supreme Court Wednesday, the last day it could do so, asking for a review of the lower-court decision that allows Casey Martin to ride in a golf cart in PGA tournaments.

Martin has a rare circulatory disease in his right leg that makes walking difficult. His successful 1998 lawsuit against the PGA, citing workplace access provisions in the Americans With Disabilities Act, allowed him to become the first player to ride a cart in the U.S. Open and on the PGA Tour. The PGA maintains that walking the course is part of the athletic competition of a golf tournament, and riding creates an unfair advantage because those who walk become more fatigued than those who ride.

“This case is not about Casey Martin, but rather the PGA Tour’s ability to set and implement the rules of its competition,” said a statement by the tour, which is always careful not to sound anti-disabled guy when it’s trying to bounce Martin. The decision favoring Martin was upheld by an appeals court in March.

Martin earned his way onto the PGA Tour in October by finishing in the top 15 in the Nike Tour. But if riding gives Martin an unfair advantage, he hasn’t capitalized on it at the top level: He has made the cut only eight times in 15 tournaments, and hasn’t finished better than a 17th-place tie. He’s 161st on the money list, and he’ll lose his tour card if he doesn’t move up to the top 125.

Two similar cases have raised the same issues without getting the same notoriety as Martin’s case has received. An Indiana club pro named Ford Olinger, who has a degenerative hip disease, sued the U.S. Golf Association in 1999 for the right to use a cart in U.S. Open qualifying. He lost. The judge ruled that Olinger, unlike Martin, was not being denied access to his workplace. Olinger used a walker in the qualifying round, but failed to advance. The decision in Olinger’s case was also upheld by an appeals court in March, and the PGA Tour says it expects him to ask the Supreme Court for a review as well.

And in Austin, Texas, last month, a federal judge ordered the USGA to allow JaRo Jones, a club pro with post-polio syndrome and neuromuscular atrophy, to use a cart in qualifying for the U.S. Senior Open. The Senior Tour allows its members to use carts.

Those cheering Martin on in his twin struggles to overcome his own disability and the PGA’s attempts to keep him off the tour can take comfort in another thing Twain may or may not have said: “By trying, we can easily learn to endure adversity. Another man’s, I mean.”

DO NOT USE. use king kaufman byline and bio.

More Related Stories

Featured Slide Shows

  • Share on Twitter
  • Share on Facebook
  • 1 of 14
  • Close
  • Fullscreen
  • Thumbnails

    13 of "Girls'" most cringeworthy sex scenes

    Hannah and Adam, "Pilot"

    One of our first exposures to uncomfortable “Girls” sex comes early, in the pilot episode, when Hannah and Adam “get feisty” (a phrase Hannah hates) on the couch. The pair is about to go at it doggy-style when Adam nearly inserts his penis in “the wrong hole,” and after Hannah corrects him, she awkwardly explains her lack of desire to have anal sex in too many words. “Hey, let’s play the quiet game,” Adam says, thrusting. And so the romance begins.

    13 of "Girls'" most cringeworthy sex scenes

    Marnie and Elijah, "It's About Time"

    In an act of “betrayal” that messes up each of their relationships with Hannah, Marnie and Elijah open Season 2 with some more couch sex, which is almost unbearable to watch. Elijah, who is trying to explore the “hetero side” of his bisexuality, can’t maintain his erection, and the entire affair ends in very uncomfortable silence.

    13 of "Girls'" most cringeworthy sex scenes

    Marnie and Charlie, "Vagina Panic"

    Poor Charlie. While he and Marnie have their fair share of uncomfortable sex over the course of their relationship, one of the saddest moments (aside from Marnie breaking up with him during intercourse) is when Marnie encourages him to penetrate her from behind so she doesn’t have to look at him. “This feels so good,” Charlie says. “We have to go slow.” Poor sucker.

    13 of "Girls'" most cringeworthy sex scenes

    Shoshanna and camp friend Matt, "Hannah's Diary"

    We’d be remiss not to mention Shoshanna’s effort to lose her virginity to an old camp friend, who tells her how “weird” it is that he “loves to eat pussy” moments before she admits she’s never “done it” before. At least it paves the way for the uncomfortable sex we later get to watch her have with Ray?

    13 of "Girls'" most cringeworthy sex scenes

    Hannah and Adam, "Hard Being Easy"

    On the heels of trying (unsuccessfully) to determine the status of her early relationship with Adam, Hannah walks by her future boyfriend’s bedroom to find him masturbating alone, in one of the strangest scenes of the first season. As Adam jerks off and refuses to let Hannah participate beyond telling him how much she likes watching, we see some serious (and odd) character development ... which ends with Hannah taking a hundred-dollar bill from Adam’s wallet, for cab fare and pizza (as well as her services).

    13 of "Girls'" most cringeworthy sex scenes

    Marnie and Booth Jonathan, "Bad Friend"

    Oh, Booth Jonathan -- the little man who “knows how to do things.” After he turns Marnie on enough to make her masturbate in the bathroom at the gallery where she works, Booth finally seals the deal in a mortifying and nearly painful to watch sex scene that tells us pretty much everything we need to know about how much Marnie is willing to fake it.

    13 of "Girls'" most cringeworthy sex scenes

    Tad and Loreen, "The Return"

    The only sex scene in the series not to feature one of the main characters, Hannah’s parents’ showertime anniversary celebration is easily one of the most cringe-worthy moments of the show’s first season. Even Hannah’s mother, Loreen, observes how embarrassing the situation is, which ends with her husband, Tad, slipping out of the shower and falling naked and unconscious on the bathroom floor.

    13 of "Girls'" most cringeworthy sex scenes

    Hannah and the pharmacist, "The Return"

    Tad and Loreen aren’t the only ones to get some during Hannah’s first season trip home to Michigan. The show’s protagonist finds herself in bed with a former high school classmate, who doesn’t exactly enjoy it when Hannah puts one of her fingers near his anus. “I’m tight like a baby, right?” Hannah asks at one point. Time to press pause.

    13 of "Girls'" most cringeworthy sex scenes

    Hannah and Adam, "Role-Play"

    While it’s not quite a full-on, all-out sex scene, Hannah and Adam’s attempt at role play in Season 3 is certainly an intimate encounter to behold (or not). Hannah dons a blond wig and gets a little too into her role, giving a melodramatic performance that ends with a passerby punching Adam in the face. So there’s that.

    13 of "Girls'" most cringeworthy sex scenes

    Shoshanna and Ray, "Together"

    As Shoshanna and Ray near the end of their relationship, we can see their sexual chemistry getting worse and worse. It’s no more evident than when Ray is penetrating a clothed and visibly horrified Shoshanna from behind, who ends the encounter by asking if her partner will just “get out of me.”

    13 of "Girls'" most cringeworthy sex scenes

    Hannah and Frank, "Video Games"

    Hannah, Jessa’s 19-year-old stepbrother, a graveyard and too much chatting. Need we say more about how uncomfortable this sex is to watch?

    13 of "Girls'" most cringeworthy sex scenes

    Marnie and Desi, "Iowa"

    Who gets her butt motorboated? Is this a real thing? Aside from the questionable logistics and reality of Marnie and Desi’s analingus scene, there’s also the awkward moment when Marnie confuses her partner’s declaration of love for licking her butthole with love for her. Oh, Marnie.

    13 of "Girls'" most cringeworthy sex scenes

    Hannah and Adam, "Vagina Panic"

    There is too much in this scene to dissect: fantasies of an 11-year-old girl with a Cabbage Patch lunchbox, excessive references to that little girl as a “slut” and Adam ripping off a condom to ejaculate on Hannah’s chest. No wonder it ends with Hannah saying she almost came.

  • Recent Slide Shows



Comment Preview

Your name will appear as username ( settings | log out )

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href=""> <b> <em> <strong> <i> <blockquote>