Japan: Sustainable fishing’s conflicted villain

The country continues to fish at-risk species that its population doesn't even want to eat

Topics: Sustainable food, Environment, International cuisine, Food,

Japan: Sustainable fishing's conflicted villain

Over the past few weeks, Japan has once again been spotlighted as a great villain of sustainable fishing. “The Cove,” the documentary about illegal dolphin fishing off the Japanese coast, won the Academy Award for best documentary. Its producers staged a sting on a Los Angeles Japanese restaurant that served illegal whale meat (the restaurant has now been closed). And now Japan has managed to keep a proposed international trade ban on the Atlantic bluefin tuna from being passed at a United Nations conference in Doha, Qatar.

The bluefin, which can grow up to 150 pounds, is widely believed to be in danger of extinction — its population currently hovers at about 15 percent of its historical size. Last week’s attempt to protect the fish pitted the United States and the European Union against Japan, which, according to the Times of London, managed to convince enough countries of the potential economic dangers of a ban to keep the motion from going through. (Japan consumes 80 percent of the world’s bluefin tuna catch, largely as sushi and sashimi.)

But contrary to what you’d expect from a country so fiercely dedicated to controversial fishing practices, fish consumption in Japan is actually in dramatic decline — a fact that, oddly enough, may explain the continuing demand for the rare tuna. As the WSJ’s Yuka Hayashi writes, Japanese monthly spending on seafood has dropped a whopping 23 percent since 2000 to a mere $74 in 2009. (Fishing trade groups are trying to counter that trend with awareness campaigns, including a rock song with the catchy lyrics “Fish. Fish. Fish. You get smart when you eat fish. Smart smart smart. Fish fish fish.”) Public appetite for whale, probably Japan’s most controversial fishing catch, is also dwindling.



The change, Hayashi argues, is largely caused by the demographic changes in Japanese society — old people are concerned about choking on fish bones — and the increasing popularity of non-traditional foods, like spaghetti, among Japanese children. But it means that many Japanese people are losing their understanding of fishing seasons and how seafood works: “People don’t know what fish to eat and how.” This means that seasonal offerings, like striped marlin — is being ignored in favor of flashier, more “name brand” fish, like the bluefin tuna. (A bluefin tuna specimen can sell for as much as $100,000 in Japan.)

It’s an interesting and dramatic example of how the delocalization of a country’s food supply — and the decoupling of eating habits from the rhythms and traditions of farming and fishing — can have a deleterious impact not only on a people, but on global ecology.

Thomas Rogers

Thomas Rogers is Salon's former Arts Editor. He has written for the Globe & Mail, the Village Voice and other publications. He can be reached at @thomasmaxrogers.

More Related Stories

Featured Slide Shows

  • Share on Twitter
  • Share on Facebook
  • 1 of 5
  • Close
  • Fullscreen
  • Thumbnails

    “One girl can be silenced, but a nation of girls telling their stories becomes free” slideshow

    A photo contest winner

    “One girl can be silenced, but a nation of girls telling their stories becomes free” slideshow

    A photo contest winner

    “One girl can be silenced, but a nation of girls telling their stories becomes free” slideshow

    Superhero Project

    “In life many people have two faces. You think you know someone, but they are not always what they seem. You can’t always trust people. My hero would be someone who is trustworthy, honest and always has their heart in the right place.” Ateya Grade 9 @ Mirman Hayati School (Herat, Afghanistan)

    “One girl can be silenced, but a nation of girls telling their stories becomes free” slideshow

    Superhero Project

    “I pray every night before I go to bed for a hero or an angel capable of helping defenseless children and bringing them happiness. I reach up into the sky hoping to touch a spirit who can make my wish come true.” Fatimah Grade 9 @ Majoba Hervey (Herat, Afghanistan)

  • Recent Slide Shows

Comments

0 Comments

Comment Preview

Your name will appear as username ( settings | log out )

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href=""> <b> <em> <strong> <i> <blockquote>