Nelson Mandela: A life in pictures
Nelson Mandela and his wife Winnie in this undated file picture.
Tucked under towering oaks and nestled against a shady creek, Simkins Hall was the first air-conditioned dormitory at the University of Texas. These days, it has become notable for another reason.
It was named after William Simkins, a popular former law school professor but one with a dubious past. He served as a Confederate fighter and early organizer of the Ku Klux Klan in Florida, promoting the Klan and bragging about efforts to terrorize and harass “darkey” in campus speeches and publications.
On Thursday, Texas President William Powers Jr. will ask university regents to remove Simkins’ name from the two-story brick dorm built in the 1950s. The regents are expected to bring the issue to a vote.
The move comes after weeks of deliberations by an advisory panel and two public hearings.
“An institution like ours is shaped by its history, but it need not be encumbered by it,” Powers said.
Keeping Simkins’ name on the building “compromises public trust and the university’s reputation,” said Gregory Vincent, Texas vice president for diversity and engagement.
“By his own admission, Simkins engaged in violent behavior against African Americans. These were actions taken outside of the law,” Vincent said.
The issue sparked in May after former Texas law professor Tom Russell published an online article detailing resistance by the university to integration in the 1950s and 1960s. Texas named the dorm after Simkins in 1954, the same year the U.S. Supreme Court’s Brown vs. Board of Education decision ended legal segregation.
“I support 100 percent taking the name off,” said Russell, who now teaches law at the University of Denver. “My goal in writing this paper was to help start a conversation about race and history and law. I will say in regard to that, I’ve succeeded beyond my wildest dreams.”
Simkins was a Confederate colonel in the Civil War and organized the Klan in the Florida soon after the war ended. After moving to Texas, he began teaching law at the university in 1899 and stayed there until his death in 1929. With wavy white locks and a fondness for chewing tobacco, he was a popular figure on campus and his portrait still hangs in the law school.
In a campus speech in 1914 and an article two years later in the alumni magazine, Simkins said he never drew blood as a Klansman. He did, however, admit to assaulting a black man, participating in a train robbery and sowing fear in Florida’s “black belt” as a masked night rider.
When a white woman in Florida complained of being insulted by a black man, Simkins wrote, “I seized a barrel stave lying near the hotel door and whipped that darkey down the street.”
Russell said he took his concern to Texas officials when he was still teaching in Austin in the 1990s but was told not to worry about it because the dorm, now considered one of the less-desirable residences on campus, would soon be torn down.
Powers will recommend the building be renamed “Creekside Dormitory.” Russell once supported renaming it after former legislator and Congresswoman Barbara Jordan, a pioneer among African-American politicians, but now says a more generic name is appropriate.
“Naming an old, worn out and undesirable dormitory after somebody seems like it would be kind of shallow,” Russell said.
Closed for the summer for repairs, the dorm has room for 190 students.
Brittany McCoy, a 20-year-old African-American student from Dallas, said it’s time to remove Simkins’ name from a place where black students may live.
“I was shocked,” to learn of Simkins’ connection to the KKK, McCoy said. “Texas is a school that stresses diversity. I know I wouldn’t want to stay in that dorm, and wouldn’t want my people staying there.”
Not everyone thinks Simkins’ name should come off.
Dave Player, associate editor for the Daily Texan student newspaper, wrote last month that the dorm was named after Simkins because of his 30 years teaching law, not because he was a racist.
The school could acknowledge Simkins’ past while keeping his name on the building, Player wrote.
“Honoring an individual by putting his or her name on a facility does not mean the University is condoning every aspect of that individual’s character,” Player wrote. “(If) a perfect character record is a requisite for honoring an individual then our campus would likely be composed of nameless buildings.”
On the Net:
University of Texas Board of Regents: http://www.utsystem.edu/bor/
Nelson Mandela and his wife Winnie in this undated file picture.
Mandela is accompanied by his former wife Winnie, moments after his release from prison February 11, 1990 after serving 27 years in jail. (Reuters)
In this February, 1990 photo, shortly after his release from 27 years in prison, Nelson Mandela, gives the black power salute to the 120,000 supporters packing Soccer City stadium in Soweto, near Johannesburg. (AP Photo)
Nelson Mandela showed his passport in February 19, 1990, shortly after his release from prison. The South African government authorized an application for himself and his wife Winnie - (Juda Ngwenya / Reuters)
In this July 27, 1991 photo, Cuban President Fidel Castro, and Nelson Mandela gesture during the celebration of the "Day of the Revolution" in Matanzas, Cuba. (AP Photo)
In this July 4, 1993 photo, President Bill Clinton and Nelson Mandela listen during Fourth of July ceremonies in Philadelphia during which Clinton presented the Philadelphia Liberty Medal to the African National Congress president and South African President F.W. de Klerk. (AP Photo/Greg Gibson)
President of the African National Congress Nelson Mandela acknowledges cheers from the crowd as he prepares to unveil the ANC's official election platform in 1994. (AP Photo/David Brauchli)
African National Congress (ANC) leader Nelson Mandela greeted residents of Mmabatho in March 1994, during a visit after the nominal homeland came under South African control following the ousting of the former President Lucas Mangope. (Reuters/Howard Burditt)
South African President Nelson Mandela smiles with actor Sidney Poitier at a press conference in Cape Town in 1996. Poitier played Mandela in the film "One Man, One Vote" (AP Photo / Sasa Kralj)
South African President Nelson Mandela waves to crowds as he sits next to Queen Elizabeth II in a an open carriage on the way to Buckingham Palace.(AP/Louisa Buller)
Chairman of the Constitutional Assembly Cyril Ramaphosa, left, holds up a copy of the country's constitution which was signed by President Nelson Mandela, in December 1996. (AP Photo / Adil Bradlow / POOL)
Nelson Mandela at a news conference in Johannesburg in February 2000. (AP Photo / Denis Farrell)
South African rugby captain Francois Pienaar, right, received the Rugby World Cup trophy from President Nelson Mandela also wearing a South African rugby shirt, after South Africa defeated New Zealand in the Rugby World Cup , in 1995. (AP Photo / Ross Setford)