Nelson Mandela: A life in pictures
Nelson Mandela and his wife Winnie in this undated file picture.
The whole awful Shirley Sherrod affair seems to be coming to a close. With the administration now apologizing and offering Sherrod a new job, it won’t be long until we move on to the next artificial crisis.
What’s been lost in all of this hubbub, of course, is the original message Sherrod was trying to convey in the speech that was edited to look like a declaration of racism. We shouldn’t be talking just about race, she was actually arguing:
It’s really about those who have versus those who don’t, you know. And they could be black; they could be white; they could be Hispanic. And it made me realize then that I needed to work to help poor people — those who don’t have access the way others have.
This is not mere liberal hand-wringing. The concerns of “those who don’t” haven’t been this serious in at least a half-century: staggering income inequality, a steady decline in real wages and an increase number of people in poverty (now the highest since 1960!), not to mention the whole recession thing we’ve got going on right now. Low-income Americans have it incredibly tough, and the suffering engendered by not having enough money may be the most serious issue we face right now. But given the opportunity to talk about wealth, we talked, yet again, about race.
This is not to say race isn’t important. But the endless calls for a national conversation on race ring hollow because we have these conversations all the time, whether they’re about Rodney King, O.J. Simpson, Jeremiah Wright or Henry Louis Gates Jr. What we never hear anyone call for are national conversations on income. And I suspect that’s because we just don’t have the public vocabulary for one.
We can’t talk about what used to be called class. Instead, since the 1960s, both sides — left and right — have discussed social justice issues in terms of cultural identity. We talk about things like race, gender, ethnicity and sexual orientation, all of which have a particular language: ownership, identity, particularity, respect, tolerance. But poverty doesn’t work like that. Economic disenfranchisement is a more brute thing. But by focusing calls for justice on individual cultural groups, the plight of the poor as a whole becomes obscured. So while identity politics has moved us significantly closer to a just society, it has also had unintended consequences, which have created a political opening for the right.
I hardly need to tell you that the right exploits feelings of racial divisiveness for their own gain. One of their biggest constituencies is low-income whites, but instead of serving their interests, the right constantly insists that any suffering the working class endures is the result of their race, not their income, generating resentment that pays political benefits. What’s become visible with this latest episode, however, is that the right is now talking about race in exactly the same way that they think racial minorities talk about race. While before, commentators may have said things like “reverse racism,” Sherrod’s out-of-context comments were simply referred to as “racist.” Rush Limbaugh’s denunciation of racial bias reached such a pitch that he was indistinguishable from Al Sharpton. And that’s weird.
But it’s also a problem. No matter how painful the conversation might get, we need to address issues of income inequality. As long as they remain hidden, they can only get worse. And there is certainly a debate to be had. There are legitimate philosophical differences about the best way to deal with poverty. But right now, instead of expressing such differences, the right is simply able to trot out racial hobbyhorses to distract both sides from focusing on the issue.
Shirley Sherrod has been through a hell of a few days. The least that could come out of it would be for us to pay a little attention to the message she was originally trying to get across. There are a lot of poor people in America — “They could be black; they could be white; they could be Hispanic,” as she said. Isn’t it time we recognized their plight instead of pretending they don’t exist?
Michael Barthel is a PhD candidate in the communication department at the University of Washington. He has written about pop music for the Awl, Idolator, and the Village Voice. More Michael Barthel.
Nelson Mandela and his wife Winnie in this undated file picture.
Mandela is accompanied by his former wife Winnie, moments after his release from prison February 11, 1990 after serving 27 years in jail. (Reuters)
In this February, 1990 photo, shortly after his release from 27 years in prison, Nelson Mandela, gives the black power salute to the 120,000 supporters packing Soccer City stadium in Soweto, near Johannesburg. (AP Photo)
Nelson Mandela showed his passport in February 19, 1990, shortly after his release from prison. The South African government authorized an application for himself and his wife Winnie - (Juda Ngwenya / Reuters)
In this July 27, 1991 photo, Cuban President Fidel Castro, and Nelson Mandela gesture during the celebration of the "Day of the Revolution" in Matanzas, Cuba. (AP Photo)
In this July 4, 1993 photo, President Bill Clinton and Nelson Mandela listen during Fourth of July ceremonies in Philadelphia during which Clinton presented the Philadelphia Liberty Medal to the African National Congress president and South African President F.W. de Klerk. (AP Photo/Greg Gibson)
President of the African National Congress Nelson Mandela acknowledges cheers from the crowd as he prepares to unveil the ANC's official election platform in 1994. (AP Photo/David Brauchli)
African National Congress (ANC) leader Nelson Mandela greeted residents of Mmabatho in March 1994, during a visit after the nominal homeland came under South African control following the ousting of the former President Lucas Mangope. (Reuters/Howard Burditt)
South African President Nelson Mandela smiles with actor Sidney Poitier at a press conference in Cape Town in 1996. Poitier played Mandela in the film "One Man, One Vote" (AP Photo / Sasa Kralj)
South African President Nelson Mandela waves to crowds as he sits next to Queen Elizabeth II in a an open carriage on the way to Buckingham Palace.(AP/Louisa Buller)
Chairman of the Constitutional Assembly Cyril Ramaphosa, left, holds up a copy of the country's constitution which was signed by President Nelson Mandela, in December 1996. (AP Photo / Adil Bradlow / POOL)
Nelson Mandela at a news conference in Johannesburg in February 2000. (AP Photo / Denis Farrell)
South African rugby captain Francois Pienaar, right, received the Rugby World Cup trophy from President Nelson Mandela also wearing a South African rugby shirt, after South Africa defeated New Zealand in the Rugby World Cup , in 1995. (AP Photo / Ross Setford)