Answers to basic “who” questions about Egypt

Who is Hosni Mubarak? Who is Mohamed ElBaradei? And who are the Muslim Brotherhood?

Topics: Egyptian Protests, Africa, Middle East,

Answers to basic "who" questions about EgyptA woman carrying a placard referring to Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak attends a demonstration by anti-government protesters in Cairo's Tahrir Square, Egypt, Monday, Jan. 31, 2011. A coalition of opposition groups called for a million people to take to Cairo's streets Tuesday to demand the removal of Mubarak. AP Photo/Lefteris Pitarakis)(Credit: AP)

The main characters involved implicated in the demostrations read like a who’s-who list of Egypt’s primary political factions.

President Hosni Mubarak: Now in his 30th year in office, Egypt’s fourth president so far has refused to surrender his office despite a unifed call from protestors for him to step down.

  • Mubarak is a “senile and paranoid” 82 year-old autocrat who has groomed his son to succeed him in office. (Foreign Policy, HuffPost)
  • Mubarak touts Egypt’s commitment to freedom of speech, but he’s arrested thousands under the country’s Emergency Law. (New Yorker)
  • Mubarak will hold on to power as long as possible. (Guardian)

Mohamed ElBaradei: Former chief of the International Atomic Energy Agency and Nobel Peace Prize laureate, ElBaradei serves as somewhat of a exiled hero to Egypt’s opposition party. We profiled him recently. (He’s also pretty good on Twitter!)

  • ElBaradei is a well-educated, Egyptian-born recipient of the 2005 Nobel Peace prize. For 12 years he served as director general of the IAEA and has lived abroad for much of his adult life. (Nobel)
  • ElBaradei was a vocal opponent of the U.S. invasion of Iraq and has since encouraged diplomatic solutions to Iran’s nuclear policy. (New York Times)
  • ElBaradei became the face of the opposition movement as protests against President Mubarak escalated. (Guardian)

You Might Also Like

Muslim Brotherhood: The largest and oldest Islamic political group could lead the next regime in Egypt. We profiled them recently, too.

  • The Muslim Brotherhood is not a terrorist organization, though they have been connected to violence in the past. But it’s generally complicated as the group has many factions. (Foreign Policy)
  • The Muslim Brotherhood is built on the idea that Islam is not simply a religion but a way of life. (CNN)
  • The Muslim Brotherhood, as the largest Islamic group in the country, will become increasingly important as Egypt looks to build consensus. (New York Times)
Adam Clark Estes blogs the news for Salon. Email him at ace@salon.com and follow him on Twitter @adamclarkestes

More Related Stories

Featured Slide Shows

  • Share on Twitter
  • Share on Facebook
  • 1 of 13
  • Close
  • Fullscreen
  • Thumbnails

    The 12 most incredible pint-size look-alikes in "Orange Is the New Black" season 3

    DAYA  
    Young Daya has yet to become entirely jaded, but she has the character's trademark skeptical pout down pat. And with a piece-of-work mother like Aleida -- who oscillates between jealousy and scorn for her creatively gifted daughter, chucking out the artwork she brings home from summer camp -- who can blame her?

    The 12 most incredible pint-size look-alikes in "Orange Is the New Black" season 3

    MORELLO   
    With her marriage to prison penpal Vince Muccio, Lorna finally got to wear the white veil she has fantasized about since childhood (even if it was made of toilet paper).

    The 12 most incredible pint-size look-alikes in "Orange Is the New Black" season 3

    CINDY   
    Cindy's embrace of Judaism makes sense when we see her childhood, lived under the fist of a terrifying father who preached a fire-and-brimstone version of Christianity. As she put it: "I was raised in a church where I was told to believe and pray. And if I was bad, I’d go to hell."

    The 12 most incredible pint-size look-alikes in "Orange Is the New Black" season 3

    CAPUTO   
    Joey Caputo has always tried to be a good guy, whether it's offering to fight a disabled wrestler at a high school wrestling event or giving up his musical ambitions to raise another man's child. But trying to be a nice guy never exactly worked out for him -- which might explain why he decides to take the selfish route in the Season 3 finale.

    The 12 most incredible pint-size look-alikes in "Orange Is the New Black" season 3

    BOO   
    In one of the season's more moving flashbacks, we see a young Boo -- who rejected the traditional trappings of femininity from a young age -- clashing with her mother over what to wear. Later, she makes the decision not to visit her mother on her deathbed if it means pretending to be something she's not. As she puts it, "I refuse to be invisible, Daddy. Not for you, not for Mom, not for anybody.”

    The 12 most incredible pint-size look-alikes in "Orange Is the New Black" season 3

    SOSO
    We still don't know what landed Brooke Soso in the slammer, but a late-season flashback suggests that some seriously overbearing parenting may have been the impetus for her downward spiral.

    The 12 most incredible pint-size look-alikes in "Orange Is the New Black" season 3

    POUSSEY
    We already know a little about Poussey's relationship with her military father, but this season we saw a softer side of the spunky fan-favorite, who still pines for the loving mom that she lost too young.

    The 12 most incredible pint-size look-alikes in "Orange Is the New Black" season 3

    PENNSATUCKY
    Pennsatucky had something of a redemption arc this season, and glimpses of her childhood only serve to increase viewer sympathy for the character, whose mother forced her to chug Mountain Dew outside the Social Security Administration office and stripped her of her sexual agency before she was even old enough to comprehend it.

    The 12 most incredible pint-size look-alikes in "Orange Is the New Black" season 3

    CHANG
    This season, we got an intense look at the teenage life of one of Litchfield's most isolated and underexplored inmates. Rebuffed and scorned by her suitor at an arranged marriage, the young Chinese immigrant stored up a grudge, and ultimately exacted a merciless revenge.

    The 12 most incredible pint-size look-alikes in "Orange Is the New Black" season 3

    HEALY
    It's difficult to sympathize with the racist, misogynist CO Sam Healy, but the snippets we get of his childhood -- raised by a mentally ill mother, vomited on by a homeless man he mistakes for Jesus when he runs to the church for help -- certainly help us understand him better.

    The 12 most incredible pint-size look-alikes in "Orange Is the New Black" season 3

    NORMA
    This season, we learned a lot about one of Litchfield's biggest enigmas, as we saw the roots of Norma's silence (a childhood stutter) and the reason for her incarceration (killing the oppressive cult leader she followed for decades).

    The 12 most incredible pint-size look-alikes in "Orange Is the New Black" season 3

    NICKI
    While Nicki's mother certainly isn't entirely to blame for her daughter's struggles with addiction, an early childhood flashback -- of an adorable young Nicki being rebuffed on Mother's Day -- certainly helps us understand the roots of Nicki's scarred psyche.

  • Recent Slide Shows

Comments

0 Comments

Comment Preview

Your name will appear as username ( settings | log out )

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href=""> <b> <em> <strong> <i> <blockquote>