Nelson Mandela: A life in pictures
Nelson Mandela and his wife Winnie in this undated file picture.
Now that Rick Santorum is getting a second look from the public and the press, his statement in November that “all the people who live in the West Bank are Israelis, they’re not Palestinians” has been receiving a lot of renewed attention.
But, as it turns out, Santorum has made contradictory statements on this point, and his campaign has declined multiple opportunities to elaborate on and clarify his position on the Israel-Palestine conflict.
Israel has been a key issue in the GOP primary, with Newt Gingrich’s super PAC recently snagging a $5 million donation from billionaire Sheldon Adelson in large part because of Gingrich’s hard-line position on the Palestinians.
To review, here’s what Santorum said to an Iowa voter late last year:
The bottom line is that that is legitimately Israeli country. And they have a right to do within their country just like we have a right to do within our country. If they want to negotiate with Israelis, and all the people who live in the West Bank are Israelis, they’re not Palestinians. There is no ‘Palestinian.’ This is Israeli land.
The logical next question, as Robert Wright lays out in detail, is: What does Rick Santorum think should happen to the 2 million-plus Palestinians (or, as Santorum argues, “Israelis”) living in the West Bank? Should they be given full civil and voting rights? That would likely mean the end of a Jewish-majority Israel. Should they be permanently integrated into Israel as residents without rights? That’s where the “apartheid” issue comes in. Or should these people be made to somehow leave or be forced out of the land?
Santorum’s campaign has not responded to multiple email and phone messages seeking elaboration on his position.
What makes the matter even more confusing is that Santorum has himself recently used the terms “occupied” and “Palestinians.”
In a 2008 Op-Ed he used the term “occupied territories” to refer to the Golan Heights. Last June, referring to the West Bank and the Golan Heights, he spoke of 40 years of Israel “occupying that ground, and having that ground be part of Israel.”
And in a National Review column in May, he repeatedly referred to “West Bank Palestinian leadership.” The use of that language clearly contradicts his more recent argument that “all the people who live in the West Bank are Israelis, they’re not Palestinians.”
That same column makes clear that Santorum opposes the idea of a contiguous Palestinian state:
Making matters still worse, President Obama said, “The Palestinian people must have the right to govern themselves, and reach their potential, in a sovereign and contiguous state.” Take a look at a map of Israel and see what this “contiguous state” means. It means transecting Israel in two, further weakening Israel’s possible defenses from terrorism, missile launches, or invasion. As Israeli prime minister Bibi Netanyahu put it Friday, “Peace based on illusions will crash eventually on the rocks of Middle East reality.” Who do we think will be the worse-off victim in such a crash?
Many observers would argue that opposing a contiguous Palestinian state amounts to opposition to any viable two-state solution.
In a 1998 column in the Jewish Exponent (via Nexis), Santorum wrote that, “Only Israel has the right — and the capacity — to decide how to administer the West Bank territories.” He also paid lip service to the idea of a “peace process” – though without mentioning anything about a Palestinian state:
[Israel's] continued existence as a Jewish homeland is critical and we are resolved that Israel maintain the minimum territory it considers necessary for an effective defense.
A commitment to Israel clearly means a commitment to the peace process. And among the essential components of an effective peace process are open dialogue, direct negotiations between parties and the absence of preconditions to any such negotiations.
Even vague talk of a “peace process” has since disappeared from Santorum’s rhetoric on Israel-Palestine. But the question remains: Does he believe in some kind of one-state solution to the conflict? I’ll keep trying to get an answer from his campaign and update this post if I hear back.
Nelson Mandela and his wife Winnie in this undated file picture.
Mandela is accompanied by his former wife Winnie, moments after his release from prison February 11, 1990 after serving 27 years in jail. (Reuters)
In this February, 1990 photo, shortly after his release from 27 years in prison, Nelson Mandela, gives the black power salute to the 120,000 supporters packing Soccer City stadium in Soweto, near Johannesburg. (AP Photo)
Nelson Mandela showed his passport in February 19, 1990, shortly after his release from prison. The South African government authorized an application for himself and his wife Winnie - (Juda Ngwenya / Reuters)
In this July 27, 1991 photo, Cuban President Fidel Castro, and Nelson Mandela gesture during the celebration of the "Day of the Revolution" in Matanzas, Cuba. (AP Photo)
In this July 4, 1993 photo, President Bill Clinton and Nelson Mandela listen during Fourth of July ceremonies in Philadelphia during which Clinton presented the Philadelphia Liberty Medal to the African National Congress president and South African President F.W. de Klerk. (AP Photo/Greg Gibson)
President of the African National Congress Nelson Mandela acknowledges cheers from the crowd as he prepares to unveil the ANC's official election platform in 1994. (AP Photo/David Brauchli)
African National Congress (ANC) leader Nelson Mandela greeted residents of Mmabatho in March 1994, during a visit after the nominal homeland came under South African control following the ousting of the former President Lucas Mangope. (Reuters/Howard Burditt)
South African President Nelson Mandela smiles with actor Sidney Poitier at a press conference in Cape Town in 1996. Poitier played Mandela in the film "One Man, One Vote" (AP Photo / Sasa Kralj)
South African President Nelson Mandela waves to crowds as he sits next to Queen Elizabeth II in a an open carriage on the way to Buckingham Palace.(AP/Louisa Buller)
Chairman of the Constitutional Assembly Cyril Ramaphosa, left, holds up a copy of the country's constitution which was signed by President Nelson Mandela, in December 1996. (AP Photo / Adil Bradlow / POOL)
Nelson Mandela at a news conference in Johannesburg in February 2000. (AP Photo / Denis Farrell)
South African rugby captain Francois Pienaar, right, received the Rugby World Cup trophy from President Nelson Mandela also wearing a South African rugby shirt, after South Africa defeated New Zealand in the Rugby World Cup , in 1995. (AP Photo / Ross Setford)