Space porn: These images are (quite literally) out of this world
SACRAMENTO, Calif. (AP) — Democratic lawmakers rushed Wednesday to wrap up work on nearly two dozen budget-related bills intended to satisfy the governor’s demand for deeper cuts to close a $15.7 billion deficit.
Meanwhile, Gov. Jerry Brown had until 11:59 p.m. Wednesday to sign or veto the previously approved main budget bill that relies heavily on voters approving tax hikes on the November ballot.
“I certainly don’t love all elements, but together when you look at it as a package, what it’s doing is moving us forward,” Assemblyman Bob Blumenfield, D-Woodland Hills, chairman of the Assembly Budget Committee, said before voting began in the Assembly.
“It’s moving us to fiscal stability in a smart way given the constraints that we’re under,” he said.
If voters pass the ballot initiative, Brown believes the state will raise $8.5 billion in the new fiscal year starting July 1 by increasing the sales tax by a quarter cent to 7.5 percent for four years, and boosting the income tax on people who make more than $250,000 a year for seven years.
If voters reject the measure, a series of automatic cuts would be triggered, including three weeks less of public school for the next two years. Public universities would risk additional cuts as well.
“This is a game of chicken where you want to swap our educational system for tax increases, tuition for tax increases,” said Assemblyman Tim Donnelly, R-Twin Peaks. “This is an abject disaster.”
A recent Field Poll found California voters divided on the initiative, with 52 percent in favor and 35 percent opposed.
One of the bills being considered could give the tax initiative top billing on the November ballot ahead of a competing tax hike proposal by wealthy civil rights attorney Molly Munger. The bill would require bond measures and constitutional amendments to appear on the ballot ahead of other initiatives and referendums.
Brown’s proposed tax hikes would be temporary but include constitutional changes to local government funding.
Being atop the ballot would help the governor’s initiative stand out on what will be a crowded ballot. So far, 12 measures have qualified. A water bond proposal is currently first but is expected to be delayed by the Legislature.
“If the result of this action is that our children’s education does not need to be cut by $5.6 billion, so be it,” Sen. Mark Leno, D-San Francisco, told senators Wednesday before the legislation passed.
Brown, a Democrat, has delayed taking action on the main budget bill that lawmakers sent him 12 days ago. It would enact a roughly $92 billion state spending plan for the fiscal year starting July 1.
Democratic leaders have agreed to deeper cuts to satisfy the governor’s demands, including restructuring the state’s welfare program, streamlining health insurance for low-income children, and reducing child care coverage and college aid.
Since then, Democrats who control the Legislature have been scrambling to draft companion legislation needed to implement the budget. Democrats have majorities in both the Assembly and Senate and can pass the budget without any Republican votes.
Democratic leaders agreed to Brown’s request to phase in a two-year time limit for new welfare recipients to find work under the state’s welfare-to-work program known as CalWORKS.
The two sides also agreed to eliminate Healthy Families, a children’s health insurance program for low-income working families, by slowly moving 880,000 children into Medi-Cal, the state’s version of Medicaid.
In addition, the state would reduce funding for child care assistance while college aid under the Cal Grants program would be reduced beginning in the 2013-14 school year. Lawmakers targeted for-profit colleges such as ITT Technical Institute and University of Phoenix in requiring higher graduation rates to qualify for state aid.
Democrats also included legislation that would appropriate more money for California’s public universities if the University of California and California State University agreed to freeze tuition rates. The funding is contingent upon voter approval of Brown’s tax hike measure.
Community colleges would get $50 million more as well.
Other legislation would allow Brown to furlough state workers without an agreement with their unions for a 5 percent reduction in wages. Service Employees International Union Local 1000, the state’s largest state employee union, has tentatively agreed to a plan in which covered workers will take 12 unpaid days of leave over 12 months starting July 1.
NASA astronaut Mike Hopkins
On December 28, 2013, Expedition 38 crew member Mike Hopkins participating in the second of two space walks to replace a degraded pump module on the International Space Station. (NASA astronaut Rick Mastracchio is reflected in his helmet!)
The Soyuz TMA-10M
The Soyuz TMA-10M headed towards the International Space Station with crew members from Expedition 37 onboard.
40 years ago the Apollo 8 mission flew up to the moon, orbited it ten times and then returned to Earth. This picture was taken from that flight and shows the Earth as it seemingly rises in similar fashion to a sunrise.
Sunrise from Expedition 36
NASA Flight Engineer Karen L. Nyberg of Expedition 36 took this photo of the sun rising -- a sight they saw nearly 16 times per day due to the speed of the International Space Station's orbit around the earth.
A pair of NanoRacks CubeSats -- nanosattelite spacecrafts carrying experiments -- were launched by Expedition 38.