Why Jason Collins isn’t a Jackie Robinson figure — and that’s a good thing

Jason Collins has started to come under fire from gay critics who say he wasn't brave enough. Here's what they miss

Topics: jason collins, Jackie Robinson, NBA, LGBT, lgbt athletes, lgbt sports,

Why Jason Collins isn't a Jackie Robinson figure -- and that's a good thingJason Collins fights to the basket against Chicago Bulls' Taj Gibson, April 17, 2013. (Credit: Reuters/Jim Young)

In the 25 or so hours since NBA center Jason Collins came out on the cover of Sports Illustrated, he’s been praised by everyone from Los Angeles Lakers star Kobe Bryant to Presidents Bill Clinton (turns out Collins and Chelsea Clinton attended Stanford concurrently) and Barack Obama.

And yet there’s an audience Collins may have to work to win over — gay writers, who have been taking him to task since he came out.

Bloomberg View’s Josh Barro, for instance, implies that Collins, who is in the twilight of his career at 34, has been dragging his feet and shirking “an obligation to lead” for years:

A main reason professional sports (especially male team sports) have remained a bastion of homophobia is that gay players have failed to show leadership by coming out and insisting on acceptance. By coming out, Collins is fulfilling an obligation to lead — belatedly. [...] Did Collins have to wait until his career might be over? He’s a graduate of the Harvard-Westlake School in Los Angeles and Stanford University who has made more than $32 million during his NBA career.

Barro’s piece is ultimately directed at closeted athletes, whoever they may be (the mainstream press, still, does not tend to print speculation along these lines), who are failing to come out, but its annoyance at Collins and at a culture that is treating Collins as a brave pathbreaker is clear: “Gay athletes will expose themselves to career risk by coming out. They ought to do it anyway because of the broader positive effects they can create.”



This is hardly as scathing as the values-conservative response to Collins’ coming-out, as evidenced by ESPN’s weird debate on sodomy or the mini-meme that the outspoken Christian quarterback Tim Tebow, let go yesterday from the New York Jets, was the real victim of persecution. But those same criticisms of Collins — to say nothing of what are surely hundreds or thousands of cruel, nasty tweets from sports fans that are aggregated somewhere on the Web — show why coming out years ago, at the top of his game, would truly have been a distraction for Collins. While one may wish that the first active NBA player was one with years of career longevity ahead of him, that same hypothetical young star would have had to endure the sort of criticism Collins is absorbing now.

Similarly, a post on Slate by the gay writer J. Bryan Lowder (who, in the interest of disclosure, was a college classmate of mine) strangely presumes that the entire gay community is behind Collins, even as it, paradoxically, critiques just about every element of his coming-out story. To wit:

“To start, Collins makes the classic maneuver of exempting himself from the dreaded gay ‘LABEL’ (I’m never sure what that means) and then spends multiple paragraphs telling us how butch and eager to foul he is. At this point, I’m waiting for it, and Collins delivers: ‘I go against the gay stereotype, which is why I think a lot of players will be shocked: That guy is gay?’”

The mere fact that Collins “goes against the gay stereotype” means less that, as Lowder writes, he is denigrating “a whole swath of the community he now hopes to Pride-march with,” and more that the stereotype is no longer meaningful. Collins is dismissing the stereotype and those who subscribe to it, not gay people. And his description of his exploits on court (“I set picks with my 7-foot, 255-pound body to get guys like Jason Kidd, John Wall and Paul Pierce open. I sacrifice myself for other players”) is not, or not solely, in service of ensuring no one will think he’s a swishy, queeny gay man. Citing his job description is explicitly a device to demonstrate his loyalty to his team, an impulse Collins had to overcome in order to make his sexuality, at least for a day in the news cycle, the story. He’s not saying he agrees with the stereotype or even that it’s rooted in reality.

There seems to be a hunger to make Collins into a Jackie Robinson figure — a person who’s at once an athletic superstar, changing perceptions of his community’s capabilities, and a model gay man, changing perceptions of his community’s role in society. (L.A. Dodgers manager Don Mattingly made the comparison explicit; a Dallas Morning News column tied Collins’ announcement to the Robinson biopic “42.”) And yet there are many differences — primarily that a gay athlete is able to fly under the radar. Being gay is not visible, like being black was for Robinson in a segregated era. While Robinson had been the victim of prejudice his entire life and thus knew what to expect joining a white team and had a basis for understanding how his actions affected others, Collins has been in the closet on behalf of a personal ideal of team unity for more than a decade of professional sports and his professional circle is composed entirely of avowedly straight men. Is it any wonder that, unaware of how a gay man is treated in the world, Collins hesitated? Is it shocking that Collins’ words about the gay stereotype to which he doesn’t cohere read as less than utterly enlightened?

Not for nothing is Collins’ announcement getting far more attention than women sports superstars’ coming out in the past — men’s sports strongly reinforce traditional gender roles, while female athletes don’t cohere with a willowy, defenseless gender ideal. And being a gay athlete is nothing like being a gay actor or politician or any other sort of public figure we’ve had. Collins’ denying that he coheres with a stereotype — one he doesn’t endorse — is an imperfect way to deal with a coming-out far more fraught than, say, Neil Patrick Harris’. Anderson Cooper and Lance Bass weren’t held up as paragons of masculinity the way any NBA star is. The great takeaway from Collins’ coming out is not that the man himself, while having been publicly out of the closet for zero days of his life, spoke insensitively about the sort of gay man that he is not, or that he hadn’t been a role model in the past. The takeaway is that his coming-out, which represents a single person’s best effort, is the most pro-gay thing he could have done.

Daniel D'Addario is a staff reporter for Salon's entertainment section. Follow him on Twitter @DPD_

More Related Stories

Featured Slide Shows

  • Share on Twitter
  • Share on Facebook
  • 1 of 11
  • Close
  • Fullscreen
  • Thumbnails
    Burger King Japan

    2014's fast food atrocities

    Burger King's black cheeseburger: Made with squid ink and bamboo charcoal, arguably a symbol of meat's destructive effect on the planet. Only available in Japan.

    Elite Daily/Twitter

    2014's fast food atrocities

    McDonald's Black Burger: Because the laws of competition say that once Burger King introduces a black cheeseburger, it's only a matter of time before McDonald's follows suit. You still don't have to eat it.

    Domino's

    2014's fast food atrocities

    Domino's Specialty Chicken: It's like regular pizza, except instead of a crust, there's fried chicken. The company's marketing officer calls it "one of the most creative, innovative menu items we have ever had” -- brain power put to good use.

    Arby's/Facebook

    2014's fast food atrocities

    Arby's Meat Mountain: The viral off-menu product containing eight different types of meat that, on second read, was probably engineered by Arby's all along. Horrific, regardless.

    KFC

    2014's fast food atrocities

    KFC'S ZINGER DOUBLE DOWN KING: A sandwich made by adding a burger patty to the infamous chicken-instead-of-buns creation can only be described using all caps. NO BUN ALL MEAT. Only available in South Korea.

    Taco Bell

    2014's fast food atrocities

    Taco Bell's Waffle Taco: It took two years for Taco Bell to develop this waffle folded in the shape of a taco, the stand-out star of its new breakfast menu.

    Michele Parente/Twitter

    2014's fast food atrocities

    Krispy Kreme Triple Cheeseburger: Only attendees at the San Diego County Fair were given the opportunity to taste the official version of this donut-hamburger-heart attack combo. The rest of America has reasonable odds of not dropping dead tomorrow.

    Taco Bell

    2014's fast food atrocities

    Taco Bell's Quesarito: A burrito wrapped in a quesadilla inside an enigma. Quarantined to one store in Oklahoma City.

    Pizzagamechangers.com

    2014's fast food atrocities

    Boston Pizza's Pizza Cake: The people's choice winner of a Canadian pizza chain's contest whose real aim, we'd imagine, is to prove that there's no such thing as "too far." Currently in development.

    7-Eleven

    2014's fast food atrocities

    7-Eleven's Doritos Loaded: "For something decadent and artificial by design," wrote one impassioned reviewer, "it only tasted of the latter."

  • Recent Slide Shows

Comments

0 Comments

Comment Preview

Your name will appear as username ( settings | log out )

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href=""> <b> <em> <strong> <i> <blockquote>