Why relying on fracking and biofuels for energy could make water shortages worse

A growing global demand for energy threatens our limited water supplies, the U.N. reports

Topics: Water Shortage, fracking, Biofuel, Oil and Gas, United Nations, world water day,

“There is an increasing potential for serious conflict between power generation, other water users and environmental considerations,” the U.N. warned Friday in a report that shows how an increased demand for energy can put more pressure on the world’s already strained water resources. The Guardian reports:

Energy production accounts for close to 15% of the world’s water usage, but that figure could rise. By 2035, water use for energy is projected to jump by 20%, the report says. Water demand, meanwhile, could increase by 55% by 2050.

Much of this is due to growing populations and economies in China, India and the Middle East, says the report, which pulls together data from a range of studies. Some 90% of the global increase in demand for energy in the coming years will come from outside the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), club of rich countries, it notes.

…About 90% of power generation is water-intensive, says the report, which warns that less conventional oil and gas production, including via tar sands and fracking – along with biofuels – place particularly large demands on water resources.

The report laments that the energy sector has “great political clout”, whereas water, as an issue and an industry, often lacks influence; it calls for greater co-ordination between the two areas. “There will be no sustainable development without better access to water and energy for all,” the director general of Unesco, Irina Bokova, said.

The U.N. released the report on the eve of World Water Daystresses

Lindsay Abrams

Lindsay Abrams is an assistant editor at Salon, focusing on all things sustainable. Follow her on Twitter @readingirl, email labrams@salon.com.

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