Overdevelopment, Overpopulation, Overshoot
Container City: Shipping containers, indispensable tool of the globalized consumer economy, reflect the skyline in Singapore, one of the world’s busiest ports.
Washington lawmakers have introduced legislation to remove the spousal exemption from rape in the third degree, in which no physical force is used but consent is not given. Washington removed the marital exemption for first- and second-degree rape in 1983, but the current law forced prosecutors to pursue lesser, misdemeanor assault charges against spouses in cases that would have otherwise been prosecuted as third-degree rape.
As the Associated Press reports, Washington state remains one of a handful of states where marriage is an absolute defense against allegations of third-degree rape.
In defending the bill, state Rep. Roger Goodman D-Kirkland, borrowed a phrase from Todd Akin — and turned it on its head. “There is no such thing as legitimate rape,” he said. “We have to get rid of this marital rape exception and catch up with the rest of the country.”
The first marital rape conviction did not occur in the United States until the late 1970s, reflecting long-held beliefs that only rape committed by a stranger constituted “legitimate rape” and that forced sex within marriage was a wife’s duty. But with growing awareness and an evolving legal code, successful prosecution of marital and acquaintance rape is becoming more common.
“Prosecutors have historically been more comfortable pursuing stranger rape, but that is changing by leaps and bounds,” Laura X, director of the National Clearinghouse on Marital and Date Rape, told the New York Times in a piece on changing rape laws. “Very serious criminal charges are now routinely filed in cases involving acquaintance rape. The whole atmosphere has changed, as more people come to understand that ‘no’ means ‘no.’”
The bill is expected to pass in the Legislature, and Rep. Goodman is optimistic that Gov. Jay Inslee will sign it into law.
“I will do everything I can to make sure that we get rid of the marital rape exception in Washington,” Goodman said.
Man Covering His Mouth: A shepherd by the Yellow River cannot stand the smell, Inner Mongolia, China
Angry Crowd: People jostle for food relief distribution following the 2010 earthquake in Haiti
“Black Friday” Shoppers: Aggressive bargain hunters push through the front doors of the Boise Towne Square mall as they are opened at 1 a.m. Friday, Nov. 24, 2007, Boise, Idaho, USA
Suburban Sprawl: aerial view of landscape outside Miami, Florida, shows 13 golf courses amongst track homes on the edge of the Everglades.
Toxic Landscape: Aerial view of the tar sands region, where mining operations and tailings ponds are so vast they can be seen from outer space; Alberta, Canada
Ice Waterfall: In both the Arctic and Antarctic regions, ice is retreating. Melting water on icecap, North East Land, Svalbard, Norway
Satellite Dishes: The rooftops of Aleppo, Syria, one of the world’s oldest cities, are covered with satellite dishes, linking residents to a globalized consumer culture.
Child Brides: Tahani, 8, is seen with her husband Majed, 27, and her former classmate Ghada, 8, and her husband in Hajjah, Yemen, July 26, 2010.
Megalopolis: Shanghai, China, a sprawling megacity of 24 Million
Big Hole: The Mir Mine in Russia is the world’s largest diamond mine.
Clear-cut: Industrial forestry degrading public lands, Willamette National Forest, Oregon
Computer Dump: Massive quantities of waste from obsolete computers and other electronics are typically shipped to the developing world for sorting and/or disposal. Photo from Accra, Ghana.
Oil Spill Fire: Aerial view of an oil fire following the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil disaster, Gulf of Mexico
Airplane Contrails: Globalized transportation networks, especially commercial aviation, are a major contributor of air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions. Photo of contrails in the west London sky over the River Thames, London, England.
Fire: More frequent and more intense wildfires (such as this one in Colorado, USA) are another consequence of a warming planet.