Nelson Mandela: A life in pictures
Nelson Mandela and his wife Winnie in this undated file picture.
Does anything prove the craziness of Standard and Poor’s downgrading U.S. debt than the fact that while the stock market dropped 6.66 % Monday, demand for treasury bills did not? “Investors still run to Treasurys,” read the Wall Street Journal headline today. Still, the downgrade underscores the fact that we have a subprime political class today. The demand for treasurys doesn’t represent any kind of good news for the economy; it just shows the cluelessness of those who believe the deficit is the nation’s biggest problem, when in fact the problem is the lack of jobs.
As he always does, Paul Krugman described “the stupid narrative” best in a short blog post, “The Downgrade Doom Loop.” It may go like this, he warns:
1. US debt is downgraded, sparking demands for more ill-advised fiscal austerity
2. Fears that this austerity will depress the economy send stocks down
3. Politicians and pundits declare that worries about US solvency are the culprit, even though interest rates have actually plunged
4. This leads to calls for even more ill-advised austerity, which sends us back to #2
It’s wrong to use the stock market as a stand-in for a good or bad economy, but today’s sell-off is disturbing. The Dow dropped a comparable distance on Sept. 17, 2001, meaning the Tea Party’s debt-ceiling hostage-taking hurt the stock market almost as badly as a terrorist attack. No, I’m not equating the two things, I’m just noticing. And if you want to complain that I’ve once again used the term “hostage-taking,” please take it up with Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell, who bragged about it. Tea Party presidential candidate Michele Bachmann, who voted against the debt-ceiling deal that gave her House Speaker John Boehner 98 percent of what he wanted, called the downgrade “a deeply troubling indicator of our country’s decline under President Obama.” — even though S&P specifically called out Republicans for their unwillingness to raise taxes. The integrity-free Mitt Romney, who went AWOL during the debt-ceiling debate and then opposed the compromise, likewise blamed Obama for “a massive loss of confidence that resulted in an embarrassing downgrade.”
But Obama isn’t above criticism here either. I think sometimes progressives, myself included, act like he can wave a magic wand and change political reality – get 60 votes for his policy in the Senate, or make the Tea Party go away. He can’t. But in his first remarks on the S&P downgrade Monday, he said something revealing and disturbing: “We knew from the outset that a prolonged debate over the debt ceiling — a debate where the threat of default was used as a bargaining chip — could do enormous damage to our economy and the world’s.”
In fact Obama himself tried to use GOP insanity about the debt ceiling to craft a “grand bargain” to cut entitlements and raise “revenues.” So he bears some responsibility for the “prolonged debate over the debt ceiling” and participating in making it “a bargaining chip.” Had he come out and said he wouldn’t let the GOP hold the economy hostage, invoked Ronald Reagan and Bill Clinton, and scheduled the “grand bargain” debate for some other occasion, they might have held him and the economy hostage anyway, but at least he wouldn’t have appeared willing to pay them ransom. Obama also said “there’s not much further we can cut” from the defense budget, which is absolutely not true. But since the “trigger” that the debt-ceiling deal used to try to force a deficit compromise includes steep defense cuts, the president just telegraphed he won’t allow that trigger to be pulled.
Obama tried to reassure the nation that no matter what S&P says, “we’ve always been and always will be a AAA country.” That’s actually not true. We’re a AAA nation when we come together to solve our problems and take steps to reduce economic inequality and spread prosperity, as we did in the New Deal and post World War II decades. We need to do it again. Flattering Americans’ sense of their own greatness isn’t enough.
Joan Walsh is Salon's editor at large and the author of "What's the Matter With White People: Finding Our Way in the Next America." More Joan Walsh.
Nelson Mandela and his wife Winnie in this undated file picture.
Mandela is accompanied by his former wife Winnie, moments after his release from prison February 11, 1990 after serving 27 years in jail. (Reuters)
In this February, 1990 photo, shortly after his release from 27 years in prison, Nelson Mandela, gives the black power salute to the 120,000 supporters packing Soccer City stadium in Soweto, near Johannesburg. (AP Photo)
Nelson Mandela showed his passport in February 19, 1990, shortly after his release from prison. The South African government authorized an application for himself and his wife Winnie - (Juda Ngwenya / Reuters)
In this July 27, 1991 photo, Cuban President Fidel Castro, and Nelson Mandela gesture during the celebration of the "Day of the Revolution" in Matanzas, Cuba. (AP Photo)
In this July 4, 1993 photo, President Bill Clinton and Nelson Mandela listen during Fourth of July ceremonies in Philadelphia during which Clinton presented the Philadelphia Liberty Medal to the African National Congress president and South African President F.W. de Klerk. (AP Photo/Greg Gibson)
President of the African National Congress Nelson Mandela acknowledges cheers from the crowd as he prepares to unveil the ANC's official election platform in 1994. (AP Photo/David Brauchli)
African National Congress (ANC) leader Nelson Mandela greeted residents of Mmabatho in March 1994, during a visit after the nominal homeland came under South African control following the ousting of the former President Lucas Mangope. (Reuters/Howard Burditt)
South African President Nelson Mandela smiles with actor Sidney Poitier at a press conference in Cape Town in 1996. Poitier played Mandela in the film "One Man, One Vote" (AP Photo / Sasa Kralj)
South African President Nelson Mandela waves to crowds as he sits next to Queen Elizabeth II in a an open carriage on the way to Buckingham Palace.(AP/Louisa Buller)
Chairman of the Constitutional Assembly Cyril Ramaphosa, left, holds up a copy of the country's constitution which was signed by President Nelson Mandela, in December 1996. (AP Photo / Adil Bradlow / POOL)
Nelson Mandela at a news conference in Johannesburg in February 2000. (AP Photo / Denis Farrell)
South African rugby captain Francois Pienaar, right, received the Rugby World Cup trophy from President Nelson Mandela also wearing a South African rugby shirt, after South Africa defeated New Zealand in the Rugby World Cup , in 1995. (AP Photo / Ross Setford)