Overdevelopment, Overpopulation, Overshoot
Container City: Shipping containers, indispensable tool of the globalized consumer economy, reflect the skyline in Singapore, one of the world’s busiest ports.
For a long time, Tony Scott has been my favorite movie-directing Scott brother. I believe quite strongly that he is also the better movie-directing Scott brother, an opinion that everyone finds ridiculous until they stop and think about how many films by each Scott they’ve actually loved.
Ridley Scott directed two unquestionable, no-bullshit masterpieces — both about as amazing as films get — at the very beginning of his career, and then a load of missteps, half-baked ideas, endless pompous historical epics, and OK genre exercises with heavy dollops of artistic pretension. (And, sure, “Thelma and Louise,” which is obviously great.) Tellingly, he keeps returning to his masterpieces, releasing the zillionth iteration of “Blade Runner” on the zillionth home media format and providing “Alien” with a dull and insultingly stupid prequel.
Tony Scott, though. Tony Scott begins his career on the top of his game and ends it working at basically the same level. (OK, “Top Gun” isn’t his first movie. “The Hunger” is a bit of camp ’80s goth brilliance, and I love it, but it bears little relation to the rest of Scott’s oeuvre.) If filmmaking is a craft, Tony Scott was the better craftsman. His most ridiculous movies (say, “The Last Boy Scout”) are still hugely entertaining. There’s no unwatchable Tony Scott movie. (Well, I never saw “Domino.”)
He’s undeniably hugely influential. Tony Scott helped invent the visual vocabulary of the modern American action film. He took Tom Cruise — who seemed like he’d be playing teens forever — and turned him into the action superstar Tom Cruise we all loved until he went nuts. (Keep in mind how unlikely this actually was, at the time: baby-faced, 5-foot-something Cruise becoming an action star in the era of Stallone and Schwarzenegger!) And his movies with Denzel Washington, his blue-collar everyman superhero, are as delightful a director/actor collaboration as American film’s had in years. (So much better than the other guy and Russell effing Crowe.) And people love these movies. I once had a cabdriver relate to me the entire plot, beat by beat, of “Man on Fire,” because he’d watched it on TBS last night. I was entertained! Scott and Denzel’s “Taking of Pelham 1, 2, 3″ remake was so much better than it had any right to be, and that he followed it up with another action suspense film based on a railroad set-piece is hilarious. (And “Unstoppable” is good fun, unless you hate Denzel Washington as a crusty engineer — facing early retirement! — stopping a runaway train while bickering with and eventually gaining respect for his fresh-faced new partner. If you hate these tropes you hate American pop cinema, and fun.) (Another great thing about both movies is that you learn a lot about how trains work!)
Like the great Kathryn Bigelow, Tony Scott’s best stuff also works as explorations and oftentimes hilarious deconstructions of American masculinity and homosocial relationships. Relationships — rivalries masking love, dangerous obsessions — between manly men are the centerpiece of much of his work. “Top Gun,” yes, is a military recruitment film, but as everyone knows it’s also a tragic love story starring two straight men. (And Scott did military porn a million times better than Michael Bay, the action film auteur who actually can’t manage to coherently stage or film an action scene.)
In the end Scott’s work speaks for itself. The movies are great. “Days of Thunder” is “Top Gun” in cars. Which, awesome. “Enemy of the State” is a seamless melding of ’70s paranoia thriller with ’90s Will Smith action spectacle. “Deja Vu” is better than you remember. “The Fan” has one of the last great De Niro psycho performances. “Crimson Tide” is a perfect submarine movie. “True Romance” is “True Romance.” These are pop classics, wonderful confections, expertly crafted, with great performances from all involved. They’ll never make it to the “Sight & Sound” list (well, the academy might eventually rescue “Deja Vu”) but as long as people love movies they’ll love Tony Scott movies.
Alex Pareene writes about politics for Salon and is the author of "The Rude Guide to Mitt." Email him at firstname.lastname@example.org and follow him on Twitter @pareeneMore Alex Pareene.
Man Covering His Mouth: A shepherd by the Yellow River cannot stand the smell, Inner Mongolia, China
Angry Crowd: People jostle for food relief distribution following the 2010 earthquake in Haiti
“Black Friday” Shoppers: Aggressive bargain hunters push through the front doors of the Boise Towne Square mall as they are opened at 1 a.m. Friday, Nov. 24, 2007, Boise, Idaho, USA
Suburban Sprawl: aerial view of landscape outside Miami, Florida, shows 13 golf courses amongst track homes on the edge of the Everglades.
Toxic Landscape: Aerial view of the tar sands region, where mining operations and tailings ponds are so vast they can be seen from outer space; Alberta, Canada
Ice Waterfall: In both the Arctic and Antarctic regions, ice is retreating. Melting water on icecap, North East Land, Svalbard, Norway
Satellite Dishes: The rooftops of Aleppo, Syria, one of the world’s oldest cities, are covered with satellite dishes, linking residents to a globalized consumer culture.
Child Brides: Tahani, 8, is seen with her husband Majed, 27, and her former classmate Ghada, 8, and her husband in Hajjah, Yemen, July 26, 2010.
Megalopolis: Shanghai, China, a sprawling megacity of 24 Million
Big Hole: The Mir Mine in Russia is the world’s largest diamond mine.
Clear-cut: Industrial forestry degrading public lands, Willamette National Forest, Oregon
Computer Dump: Massive quantities of waste from obsolete computers and other electronics are typically shipped to the developing world for sorting and/or disposal. Photo from Accra, Ghana.
Oil Spill Fire: Aerial view of an oil fire following the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil disaster, Gulf of Mexico
Airplane Contrails: Globalized transportation networks, especially commercial aviation, are a major contributor of air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions. Photo of contrails in the west London sky over the River Thames, London, England.
Fire: More frequent and more intense wildfires (such as this one in Colorado, USA) are another consequence of a warming planet.