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Nelson Mandela: A life in pictures
Nelson Mandela and his wife Winnie in this undated file picture.
This is a guest post from Tira Harpaz. Harpaz is a graduate of Princeton University and Fordham Law School and the mother of three children. She was formerly a Senior Attorney at Davis Polk & Wardwell, and she is currently the founder and president of CollegeBound Advice, an independent college counseling firm. This is her first article for Feministing.
Lean In. It seems like everyone is talking, blogging or arguing about it. Sheryl Sandberg’s well-written, chatty, and informative book purports to give useful advice for women of all age brackets, “from those who are just starting out to those who are taking a break and may want to jump back in.” However, Sandberg seems to miss the mark for a certain segment of the female population: my demographic, the 50- to 60-ish mom who either gave up her career to stay home with her kids or reduced her workload during their formative years, and is now looking to re-enter the workforce or ramp up her job.
There are lots of stay-at-home moms – according to the Census Bureau, approximately 5 million in 2011 and countless others who work part-time or run small businesses from their homes – but there isn’t much information or guidance about re-launching a career at an age when many people your age are thinking of retirement. Often, when I speak to other women who took the same path I did, we are baffled by how we got here and what to do now. For example, Marie, is a 61-year-old from New York, has three kids and worked throughout her life. However, she cut back significantly when her kids were home. Now, she’s going through a divorce, and she will have to make almost double the amount of money she made in the past in order to make it through the rest of her life in any semblance of comfort. I myself stopped working as a lawyer to stay home with my children, but I started my own college consulting business about seven years ago. Now that my kids are out of the house, I’m working on expanding the business, but at 58, it’s not that simple.
Leaning in isn’t really an option for women like Marie and me, because frankly, it’s not even that easy to get someone to take our calls. In a world where newly minted JDs can’t get jobs, and college graduates are willing to take extended unpaid internships, very few employers have an interest in a 50-something-year-old woman who has been out of the workforce for 15 years and would now like a paying job. Hiring managers, facing a wave of thousands of well-qualified candidates, are going to toss out ones that try to substitute PTA executive board skills for work experience (and that’s assuming the resume even makes it through the computer algorithms that select a handful to be perused by a real person). Reading Sandberg’s prescriptions — get a mentor, don’t ever exclude options, lose your shyness and be assertive, negotiate like a man, marry a man willing to change diapers — I feel like I’m listening to a well-meaning yet clueless relative.
Women over 55 are generally ignored if they don’t have good jobs, lots of money, social standing, or powerful husbands. While this so-called “invisibility” problem has been well documented (just google “invisibility older women” and you’ll find a host of articles and blogs), today’s world seems fixated on youth, good looks and viral fame. Older women generally don’t elicit a second glance – we seem to have a sell by date and after that we’re pretty disposable – and to me, that lack of interest coupled with a resume that might have some blank spots, spells trouble if you’re trying to lean in.
Now, I know that Sheryl Sandberg doesn’t claim to have all the answers for everyone (not even herself). And I equally recognize that there might not be much sympathy for women like me, who had the financial resources to drop out of the workforce, and now seem to be complaining about the ramifications. However, for my demographic, it’s not just an issue of self-worth or time on our hands (in that case, we could probably find a volunteer organization that would welcome our help). Many women of my age are facing divorce, husbands losing jobs, financial difficulties due to health needs of their parents, and a host of other issues. Although we were able to take time to raise our children, many of us need jobs now, and just can’t get them. And leaning in, at least as Sandberg describes it, won’t really work. “‘Excel and you will get a mentor,’” she exclaims. But since many of us aren’t working or are self-employed, it’s difficult to shine or show that you’re worth taking the time to mentor (not to mention the question of whether a younger person would feel comfortable or want to bother mentoring an older person). Sandberg says that “everyone should have an eighteen-month plan,” consisting of business goals, such as setting targets for your team, and personal goals.
That’s excellent advice, but while personal goals are manageable (I can lose weight or learn how to use Excel), in the world we live in (and when you don’t have a team to manage or a project to oversee), there is a strong possibility that even the best plans or efforts of the over-50 woman will not reap the desired objective of a good job or a more profitable business. Most of the women I know are taking the right steps. We are told to stay positive, and reach out to everyone we know, and we do. We are told to start our own businesses, and some of us do, although many of these businesses are not successful enough to pay a living wage. We are told to learn how to use social media tools, and we try. We are told that we should have kept up our job skills and our networking, and we feel ashamed that we didn’t. Yes, it would be wonderful if we were more assertive, but it’s hard to feel confident all the time when the job market and indeed the world keeps reminding you that you’re no longer as young, as skilled or as vital as you were.
So, the next time Sheryl tells me to join a lean in circle or marry the right man, maybe I’ll tell her that while I’m willing to lean in, most of the time I’m just trying to hold on.
Nelson Mandela and his wife Winnie in this undated file picture.
Mandela is accompanied by his former wife Winnie, moments after his release from prison February 11, 1990 after serving 27 years in jail. (Reuters)
In this February, 1990 photo, shortly after his release from 27 years in prison, Nelson Mandela, gives the black power salute to the 120,000 supporters packing Soccer City stadium in Soweto, near Johannesburg. (AP Photo)
Nelson Mandela showed his passport in February 19, 1990, shortly after his release from prison. The South African government authorized an application for himself and his wife Winnie - (Juda Ngwenya / Reuters)
In this July 27, 1991 photo, Cuban President Fidel Castro, and Nelson Mandela gesture during the celebration of the "Day of the Revolution" in Matanzas, Cuba. (AP Photo)
In this July 4, 1993 photo, President Bill Clinton and Nelson Mandela listen during Fourth of July ceremonies in Philadelphia during which Clinton presented the Philadelphia Liberty Medal to the African National Congress president and South African President F.W. de Klerk. (AP Photo/Greg Gibson)
President of the African National Congress Nelson Mandela acknowledges cheers from the crowd as he prepares to unveil the ANC's official election platform in 1994. (AP Photo/David Brauchli)
African National Congress (ANC) leader Nelson Mandela greeted residents of Mmabatho in March 1994, during a visit after the nominal homeland came under South African control following the ousting of the former President Lucas Mangope. (Reuters/Howard Burditt)
South African President Nelson Mandela smiles with actor Sidney Poitier at a press conference in Cape Town in 1996. Poitier played Mandela in the film "One Man, One Vote" (AP Photo / Sasa Kralj)
South African President Nelson Mandela waves to crowds as he sits next to Queen Elizabeth II in a an open carriage on the way to Buckingham Palace.(AP/Louisa Buller)
Chairman of the Constitutional Assembly Cyril Ramaphosa, left, holds up a copy of the country's constitution which was signed by President Nelson Mandela, in December 1996. (AP Photo / Adil Bradlow / POOL)
Nelson Mandela at a news conference in Johannesburg in February 2000. (AP Photo / Denis Farrell)
South African rugby captain Francois Pienaar, right, received the Rugby World Cup trophy from President Nelson Mandela also wearing a South African rugby shirt, after South Africa defeated New Zealand in the Rugby World Cup , in 1995. (AP Photo / Ross Setford)