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Nelson Mandela: A life in pictures
Nelson Mandela and his wife Winnie in this undated file picture.
Nate Silver’s portfolio has expanded quite a bit.
The journalist has left behind The New York Times, where his FiveThirtyEight blog was focused largely on electoral politics, for ESPN and ABC, where he’ll do everything from commenting on sports to offering on-air predictions as to who will win the Academy Awards (ABC’s most important and consistently popular non-sports franchise).
There’s a problem with this plan, though: Silver isn’t particularly good at picking the Oscars, as has been noted elsewhere. His 2009 predictions, most notably, saw Silver state that Taraji P. Henson was most likely to win the best supporting actress prize; she appeared in “The Curious Case of Benjamin Button,” for those who’ve forgotten. She had never been a big part of the Oscar conversation that year, but for Silver, her film’s best picture nomination was a more meaningful data point than it had been for Oscar voters. (Indeed, many acting nominees, like Jacki Weaver in this year’s “Silver Linings Playbook,” appear to be dragged into the race by enthusiasm for their film in general but are never considered front-runners — but then, we have no real polling data.)
It turns out there are some things that data-driven journalism can’t help decode. Silver’s particular bugbear in the period after his rise to ultra-fame following the 2012 Presidential election has been critiquing the journalism of “narrative,” the day-to-day tracking of airy political currents that only pundits can detect. He’s gone after the Wall Street Journal’s Peggy Noonan and Politico for their focus on elements of the race that drew attention away from the cut-and-dried numbers.
But the Oscars are literally all narrative. “The thing that’s so fascinating about the Oscar race is how much emotion plays into it,” said Nathaniel Rogers, a film and Oscar-predictions blogger whose site is The Film Experience. “It depends on feeling the moods in the air — which is much more volatile with a group of 6,000 than an entire nation. Statistics –” among them, Oscar nomination tallies as well as the awards given by organizations less exclusive than the Academy (e.g., the Screen Actors Guild) or made up of entirely different people, like critics or the Hollywood Foreign Press — “don’t account for what people say to one another at parties, the hermetically sealed industry stuff.”
In Silver’s defense, he takes into account how irrelevant, e.g., the Golden Globes are, but the whole thing is alchemy. His calling “Argo” as the most likely best picture winner this year was prescient. But a film like “Argo” winning the best picture prize without a best director nomination is historically quite rare, another set of statistics that Affleck overcame with eager campaigning (Silver’s method hinged not on observing Affleck’s glad-handing but on weighting precursor awards based on their historical accuracy). “Narrative is why Ben Affleck won [for producing 'Argo'] when statistics would tell you that movie would not win best picture,” Rogers said. Silver also acknowledged the lack of meaningful data in the best director race, which he called wrong, saying, “You can’t claim to have a data-driven prediction when you don’t have any data.”
“How you can really predict is by talking to voters,” said Sasha Stone, editor of Awards Daily. “If you were on the ground [in 2006], the buzz was around ‘Crash,’” a film that was largely passed over for many precursor awards and had fewer Oscar nominations than frontrunner “Brokeback Mountain.” “You can’t do that with Presidential elections — which we saw, because, for a time, the buzz was with Romney.” In other words, the sort of talk-to-a-voter reporting that created so many skewed narratives during the 2012 presidential campaign actually helps the Oscar predictor.
Some of Silver’s other writing at FiveThirtyEight has used statistics in outright bizarre ways — for instance, using “Bayesian reasoning” to suggest that Julian Assange’s accusers in his alleged rape case were politically motivated. But this may change at ESPN and ABC: Silver’s time at the nation’s most prominent newspaper has been marked by an odd sort of division where what goes on at FiveThirtyEight has little to do with what goes on at the rest of the paper, as documented by public editor Margaret Sullivan’s column indicating Silver did not fit in there. The best sort of data journalism, said WNYC data journalist John Keefe, supports narrative journalism rather than existing separately from it. “Almost everything we do on the data news team comes from editors in the newsroom. It’s almost entirely been in support of narrative journalism that the rest of the team is doing. [Data journalism] helps you find the story — usually it’s not the story itself.”
In other words, it’s not quite the narrative-spinners-versus-number-crunchers divide Silver has portrayed in his public remarks in most modern newsrooms. “I think anybody who thinks there’s going to be a demise in narrative journalism or story journalism is going to find themselves on the wrong end of a prediction,” Keefe said.
Silver’s role at ESPN and ABC, whatever happens with the Oscars, is likely to draw attention to the sort of rational, data-based thinking he has advocated throughout his career. “I only see it as a positive,” said Paul Ford, a writer, programmer and news analyst. “He’s somebody who cares about statistics and cares about rigor and doesn’t belong to some horrible think tank and isn’t a robot. Anything that tries to be analytical and scientific can only help.”
When it comes to much of Silver’s portfolio, it’s hard to disagree; given that he’s working at ESPN, he’ll likely be able to deflate some of the more irritating woo-woo thinking about teams’ “momentum” that disregards hard-and-fast statistics. But the rapid rise of “Argo” this past year after statistics were, at first, very much not in its favor; or the “Crash” shocker; or voters finally tiring of Meryl Streep being an Oscar also-ran in 2012 and not a moment before; are more difficult to reduce in such a manner.
And that’s to say nothing of the fact that the existence of bloggers like Stone and Rogers means that, on the Academy Awards beat, Silver is for the first time in his career not a trail-blazer. “Everybody I know who’s in the Oscar business,” said Stone, “says they’re the Nate Silver of the Oscar race.”
Daniel D'Addario is a staff reporter for Salon's entertainment section. Follow him on Twitter @DPD_ More Daniel D'Addario.
Nelson Mandela and his wife Winnie in this undated file picture.
Mandela is accompanied by his former wife Winnie, moments after his release from prison February 11, 1990 after serving 27 years in jail. (Reuters)
In this February, 1990 photo, shortly after his release from 27 years in prison, Nelson Mandela, gives the black power salute to the 120,000 supporters packing Soccer City stadium in Soweto, near Johannesburg. (AP Photo)
Nelson Mandela showed his passport in February 19, 1990, shortly after his release from prison. The South African government authorized an application for himself and his wife Winnie - (Juda Ngwenya / Reuters)
In this July 27, 1991 photo, Cuban President Fidel Castro, and Nelson Mandela gesture during the celebration of the "Day of the Revolution" in Matanzas, Cuba. (AP Photo)
In this July 4, 1993 photo, President Bill Clinton and Nelson Mandela listen during Fourth of July ceremonies in Philadelphia during which Clinton presented the Philadelphia Liberty Medal to the African National Congress president and South African President F.W. de Klerk. (AP Photo/Greg Gibson)
President of the African National Congress Nelson Mandela acknowledges cheers from the crowd as he prepares to unveil the ANC's official election platform in 1994. (AP Photo/David Brauchli)
African National Congress (ANC) leader Nelson Mandela greeted residents of Mmabatho in March 1994, during a visit after the nominal homeland came under South African control following the ousting of the former President Lucas Mangope. (Reuters/Howard Burditt)
South African President Nelson Mandela smiles with actor Sidney Poitier at a press conference in Cape Town in 1996. Poitier played Mandela in the film "One Man, One Vote" (AP Photo / Sasa Kralj)
South African President Nelson Mandela waves to crowds as he sits next to Queen Elizabeth II in a an open carriage on the way to Buckingham Palace.(AP/Louisa Buller)
Chairman of the Constitutional Assembly Cyril Ramaphosa, left, holds up a copy of the country's constitution which was signed by President Nelson Mandela, in December 1996. (AP Photo / Adil Bradlow / POOL)
Nelson Mandela at a news conference in Johannesburg in February 2000. (AP Photo / Denis Farrell)
South African rugby captain Francois Pienaar, right, received the Rugby World Cup trophy from President Nelson Mandela also wearing a South African rugby shirt, after South Africa defeated New Zealand in the Rugby World Cup , in 1995. (AP Photo / Ross Setford)
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