A former speaker of the Maine House of Representatives raised questions today over whether a law requiring those arrested for driving under the influence of alcohol to attend a rehabilitation program should have been waived in 1978 for George W. Bush.
The law, which passed the Maine Legislature in the summer of 1975 and took effect on Oct. 1 of that year, specifically required first-time offenders arrested for DUI to attend rehab. The one exception to this requirement would be granted if, after two months, the offender petitioned the secretary of state for a hearing, after which the secretary of state "determined that the public safety [would] not be endangered by issuing a new license or restoration of right to operate," according to the law.
Bush, however, waited more than a year and a half after his DUI arrest -- until 1978 -- to petition for the waiver. Bush said he couldn't take the required rehabilitation class because he lived in Midland, Texas. The secretary of state's hearing examiner, David Schulz, granted Bush his driving privileges after Bush told him, according to the Boston Globe, that he had had only the "occasional beer."
But state Rep. John Martin, a Democrat, who has served in the House since 1964 and was House speaker from 1975 until 1994, said the law was passed because "we felt that if someone was convicted of DUI it was appropriate that he go through a training program or a rehabilitation program. Its unusual that they would waive it. They normally would require people to go through the program."
That Bush lived in Texas should not have affected the waiver, Martin said. "Normally, they would find [a program] in their home state or a counselor to sign off," he said. "That's the way the law works."
What makes this waiver notable is that Bush has admitted to developing an eventual drinking problem that, by 1986, "was beginning to compete for my affections for my wife and my family."
Schulz told Salon that while rehabilitation classes were the norm, a "loophole did exist at the time" that would allow Bush to petition to get his driving privileges back without attending any classes. "He said that he drank approximately once a month," Schulz said. "The purpose of [a July 1978] proceeding was to determine whether there was a threat to highway safety in putting this individual on course. Based on his relatively low blood-alcohol level and what he told me, I concluded there was no danger."
Asked if he regretted his decision, Schulz said, "I could only go by the evidence in front of me." Rebecca Wyke, Maine's chief deputy secretary of state, said, "Mr. Schulz's actions as a hearing officer were within what the law allowed." She "couldn't speak to whether it was unusual at the time" to waive the rehabilitation requirement.
Bush has acknowledged that he was a heavy partygoer while in the DKE fraternity at Yale, from which he graduated in 1968; some of his friends have even likened him to the John Belushi character from the movie "Animal House." And a story about his driving drunk in 1973, slamming his Chevy through a neighbor's garbage cans and famously challenging his angry father to go "mano a mano" when confronted has been often repeated.
This was, of course, a period of Bush's life when he was veering toward the straight and narrow. He was running for Congress, and getting married to his lovely young wife, Laura.
However, toward the end of his losing the 1978 congressional race, Bush's campaign held a free-beer "Bush bash" that immediately aroused his opponent's attention. As Bill Minutaglio writes in "First Son: George W. Bush and the Bush Family Dynasty," "it was no secret in Midland that Bush enjoyed drinking, that he had once gotten up on stage with Willie Nelson."
Bush spokesman Dan Bartlett insisted that there was nothing contradictory about Bush's claims to his hearing examiner and his subsequent acknowledgments of a hard-drinking past.
"Governor Bush has never itemized his drinking habits, whether [in 1978], or two years prior, or two years after the fact, or five years after the fact," Bartlett said. "After he quit drinking in 1986, he said that in the past he drank too much."
Then (in a statement that recalled the current president's fumbling definition of what "is" is) Bartlett said: "But he never quantified what the definition of 'too much' is. He could have been referring to a time in the early '80s."
"You can't take the broad definition of 'too much' and apply it to one time in his life" -- when he claimed to drink "infrequently" -- "and suggest that that's a contradiction," Bartlett said.
Bartlett also said Bush waited much longer than the "two months" specified in the law to get his driving privileges restored in Maine because it was only then that he wanted to return to the state.
Bush was 30 at the time of the arrest, swerving into hedges in a car with his younger sister Dorothy, then 17, an underage friend of hers named David Bremer, Bush's friend Pete Rousel, Australian tennis star John Newcombe and his wife. The information was leaked to the news media by a former Democratic gubernatorial candidate, causing Bush to call the allegations "dirty tricks."
"He asked what he was supposed to do and he paid the [$150] fine that the authorities assessed," said spokeswoman Karen Hughes. Additionally, Bush's driving privileges in the state of Maine were suspended for six months -- though he could have had his privileges automatically reinstated if he had taken a safety course, which he also declined to do.
Bartlett said that "the hearing examiner had full discretion over these matters and, based upon the conversation he had with Governor Bush over the telephone, he said that Governor Bush didn't have to fulfill any requirement to take any course," rehabilitative, safety or otherwise.
"For first-time offenders, all sorts of standards are taken into consideration," Bartlett said. But the 1975 law amended the penalty provisions of the DUI laws, automatically suspending the driving privileges of a first-time DUI offender "until such time as the rehabilitation program under the auspices of the secretary of state has been satisfactorily completed."
Bartlett argued that Bush "was held accountable in the state of Maine." When it was pointed out that his punishment was much lighter than the laws he's worked to implement in Texas for the same offense, Bartlett said that "there's a whole different culture and a whole different approach today to drinking and driving. The country has changed the whole dialogue, much to the credit of Mothers Against Drunk Drivers."
But by 1976, that culture had already started to change, which is why Maine passed these new restrictions -- and it's, of course, why tougher regulations have been passed nationwide since, including in Texas.
As governor of Texas, Bush has signed some of the most stringent regulations against drunken drivers in Texas history. According to the Criminal Justice Policy Council, from the year before Bush was first elected governor in November 1994 until 1998, the number of people serving time in Texas prisons on DUI charges jumped from 1,091 to 4,229 -- a quadrupling of the prison populace for that offense.
And while Bush has done much to downplay his indiscretions as a "youth" (though he was 30 at the time of his DUI arrest), he has campaigned in Texas for "zero-tolerance" laws against juveniles found drinking and driving, among other violations. "Theres no question the governor wanted tough laws on the books," Bartlett said.