The ABCs of crony capitalism

Jack Grubman touted AT&T's stock to get his kids into a tony nursery school -- showing that fleecing consumers is like child's play in corporate America.


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Arianna Huffington
November 20, 2002 2:09AM (UTC)

All right, children, gather round. It's time to practice our ABCs. Those who have been paying attention lately know that "A" is for apple, "B" is, of course, for baby -- and "C" is for Citigroup and crony capitalism, the subject of today's lesson.

Wall Street's credibility (another C-word, but not a very popular one these days) was downgraded to junk status last week after it came to light that former superstar telecom analyst Jack Grubman had upgraded his rating of AT&T stock after his boss, Citigroup chairman Sandy Weill, donated $1 million in company funds to help Grubman get his twins into a very exclusive New York City nursery school. Think of it as a neat little example of corporate Quid Pro Play-Doh. Or, as Grubman's finding out -- "D'oh!"

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The headline-grabbing revelation was contained in a Grubman e-mail uncovered by New York's crusading attorney general, Eliot Spitzer, who's investigating why Grubman suddenly turned bullish on AT&T after having long treated it like the telecom industry's ugly stepchild, one that had no place at the play table at exclusive nursery schools.

The abrupt about-face is particularly suspect given that just five months after Grubman raised his rating on the company from "hold" to "buy," his firm was mysteriously picked to help handle the phone giant's $10.6 billion IPO for its wireless division. Another red flag: Soon after the wireless stock went public -- and Weill and Grubman's firm had raked in $45 million -- Grubman once again turned sour on AT&T.

In the same e-mail, Grubman claims that nursery school brown-nosing was not the only reason he boosted his rating of AT&T. Of course, that's not to imply that he also had legitimate reasons for doing it. No, what the e-mail shows is simply one more illegitimate reason: to help Weill win a power struggle at Citigroup by currying the favor of AT&T's CEO, C. Michael Armstrong, a member of Citigroup's board of directors. According to Jack the Stock Tipper, Weill was hoping that Armstrong would help him "nuke" his then co-chairman, John Reed. Making matters all the cozier, Weill was also a member of the AT&T board -- proving that old-time Appalachia has nothing on corporate America when it comes to incestuous relationships.

Of course, as soon as the e-mail hit the fan, everyone involved issued the predictable heated and shocked -- shocked! -- denials that anything unseemly had occurred. Grubman even went so far as to commit corporate seppuku by deriding his own cyber-assertions as "inappropriate," "silly," "baseless" and "nothing more than an extended invented story" meant to "inflate my professional importance." Kind of like story time at nursery school? Yes -- but Grubman could also do some time for it.

And the moral of the story, once again, has to do with the too-close-for-comfort way that business gets done in this country. Grubman's missive exposes once again that our fragile economy is in the slippery grip of a crony capitalism practiced by a small group of insiders who sit on each other's boards, join each other's country clubs, help each other's kids get into the best schools, and line each other's pockets -- even if that means fleecing America's little-guy investors, pension funds and 401(k)s.

Don't you wonder what Spitzer will uncover next? In my dreams, a source in his office provides me with an exclusive preview of a new collection of damning e-mails written by Grubman.

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In one, Grubman tells a friend that the real reason he tirelessly touted Global Crossing was not because of the company's plan to build a worldwide undersea fiber-optic network but because company chairman Gary Winnick had helped Grubman land a Saturday night reservation at Nobu, persuaded Frederic Fekkai to add some highlights to his wife's hair, and arranged to have the Wiggles perform at the twins' 3rd birthday party.

In another, he owns up to having urged investors to buy WorldCom because Bernie Ebbers had scored Grubman some tickets to Vanity Fair's Oscar party and gotten his twins' beloved nanny a round of injections from Botox queen Pat Wexler. She won't be able to smile at the Wiggles' concert, but she looks 10 years younger! And in a third e-mail, Grubman admits that he gave Verizon a series of glowing stock reports only after company CEO Ivan Seidenberg took a personal interest in the Grubman children's education, persuading Annie Liebovitz to take their class photo, Quincy Jones to write a new school song, and Donatella Versace to design new school uniforms. Seidenberg even used the Verizon corporate jet to fly the entire nursery school to Milan for the fittings.

Getting ahead in the corporate world is as simple as A-B-C. Maybe this time it will result in 1, 2, 3, or 7 to 10.


Arianna Huffington

Arianna Huffington is a nationally syndicated columnist, the co-host of the National Public Radio program "Left, Right, and Center," and the author of 10 books. Her latest is "Fanatics and Fools: The Game Plan for Winning Back America."

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