Kicking the economy when it is down

The wrong medicine: GDP growth slows to a crawl, in part because of cutbacks in government spending

By Andrew Leonard
April 28, 2011 11:29PM (UTC)
main article image
President Barack Obama pauses while speaking about his birth certificate, Wednesday, April 27, 2011, in the Brady Press Briefing Room at the White House in Washington. (AP Photo/Susan Walsh) (AP)

So it turns out that Americans had a pretty good reason for thinking that the country is headed in the wrong direction: As judged in terms of GDP growth, they're right! The Bureau of Economic Analysis released its preliminary estimate of first-quarter GDP growth on Thursday: a universally disappointing 1.8 percent.

The number was not unexpected and doesn't automatically imply another recession is around the corner. In his press conference yesterday, Federal Reserve chairman Ben Bernanke blamed the slowdown on "transitory factors" -- high gas prices, bad weather and an unexpected slump in defense spending. Most analysts seem to think economic growth began to accelerate again in March; one dismissed the first-quarter numbers as merely a "stutter."


But many of those same analysts think that the labor market is strengthening, and today's new jobless claim numbers -- a big jump up to 429,000, pushing the four-week moving average up above 400,000 for the first time in a couple of months -- may throw some doubt on assumption.

Which brings us to a point that many government number crunchers are seizing upon: Cutbacks in government spending -- local, state and federal -- shaved 1.09 percent off the growth rate. Plug that spending back in and you've got  almost 3.0 percent GDP growth, which is perfectly respectable.

As Brad DeLong writes, "Contractionary fiscal policy is contractionary." When you cut government spending in a slack economy, you practically guarantee a slowdown.


So here's a scenario: High gas prices turn out not to be transitory and rise even further; the labor market runs out of steam; and Republicans force more short-term spending cuts as they battle with the White House over the debt ceiling.

That, I'm guessing, would settle the question of which direction we're headed.

Andrew Leonard

Andrew Leonard is a staff writer at Salon. On Twitter, @koxinga21.

MORE FROM Andrew LeonardFOLLOW koxinga21LIKE Andrew Leonard

Related Topics ------------------------------------------

How The World Works U.s. Economy