Pakistani Government Report Criticizes Spy Agency

By Salon Staff
January 13, 2012 3:18PM (UTC)
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ISLAMABAD (AP) — A Pakistani commission investigating the unsolved murder of a journalist last year has said that the country's notorious intelligence service needs to be more "law-abiding."

The report released Friday by a government-appointed judicial commission says the inquiry did not find enough evidence to name any perpetrators in the death of Saleem Shahzad, who was killed after he told friends he had been threatened by Pakistan's Inter-Services Intelligence agency.


However, the commission does call on Pakistan's intelligence agencies to be made more accountable to the government through internal reviews and oversight by parliament. It also says agencies' interactions with reporters should be closely monitored.

THIS IS A BREAKING NEWS UPDATE. Check back soon for further information. AP's earlier story is below.

ISLAMABAD (AP) — Pakistan's president returned on Friday from a trip to Dubai that provoked fresh questions over whether he was being pushed out of office, his spokesman said, adding that the leader was not worried about his political future.


President Asif Ali Zardari is under intense pressure from the military establishment, as well as what many see is a partisan Supreme Court intent on ousting his government before the end of its term in 2013.

Amid this crisis, Zardari went to Dubai on Thursday for a one-day personal trip to attend a wedding, officials said.

The president traveled last month to Dubai for medical reasons, triggering widely reported rumors he was on the verge of resigning. Another sudden departure at a time of crisis had raised questions, although this time the speculation was more measured.


He returned early Friday, said spokesman Farhatullah Babar. Asked whether Zardari was concerned about his political future, Babar said, "Absolutely not. Why should he be? He is comfortable and perfectly all right."

In parliament on Friday, lawmakers introduced a resolution to express support for the government, a move that would give a symbolic boost to Zardari.


The resolution, which will be voted upon on Monday, pledges "full confidence and trust" in the political leadership and says that all state institutions must act within limits imposed by the constitution — wording that seemed to rebuke the military for crossing into politics.

"Either there will be a democracy or dictatorship" in the country, said Zardari ally Prime Minister Yousuf Raza Gilani as the measure was introduced.

The army, which has staged four coups in Pakistan's history and still is believed to consider itself the only true custodian of the country's interests, has never liked Zardari.


But a scandal that erupted late last year, which centered on an unsigned memo sent to Washington asking for its help in heading off a supposed coup following the U.S. raid that killed Osama bin Laden, has brought the army and civilian government into near-open confrontation.

While most analysts say army chief Gen. Ashfaq Pervez Kayani has little appetite for a coup, they say the generals may be happy to allow the Supreme Court to dismiss the government by "constitutional means."

A Supreme Court commission is probing the memo affair, which in theory could lead to Zardari's ouster.


The court has also ordered the government to open corruption investigations into Zardari dating back years. The government has refused. Earlier this week, the court said it could dismiss Zardari and Prime Minister Yousuf Reza Gilani over the case. Judges are convening Monday for what could be a decisive session.

The government has a solid majority in parliament, and it wants to harness that support to solidify its position.

While its lawmakers are widely seen as both corrupt and ineffectual, they — unlike the army and the judges — have legitimacy because they were elected to office. Pakistan history of successive military coups and interference in the democratic process by the courts and the army are main cause of the country's current malaise, proponents of democracy say.

The nuclear-armed country is facing a host of problems, among them near economic collapse and a virulent al-Qaida- and Taliban-led insurgency.


Also Friday, militants assaulted a police station in the northwestern city of Peshawar, shooting dead three officers and wounding nine others, said police officer Saeed Khan.

The Pakistani Taliban have carried out hundreds of attacks on the country's army and other security forces since 2007. The attack came a day after militants armed with guns and grenades killed four Pakistani soldiers in an ambush in the South Waziristan tribal area.


Associated Press writers Munir Ahmed and Heidi Vogt contributed to this report from Islamabad.

Salon Staff

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