LAGOS, Nigeria (AP) — A nationwide strike in Nigeria over spiraling fuel prices will continue, two major unions said Sunday after negotiations with the government failed.
The statement from the Nigeria Labor Congress and the Trade Union Congress came as confusion remained over whether a threatened shutdown of oil production will occur in Africa's top oil exporter. A major oil workers union had promised to stop production at midnight Saturday in solidarity with the demonstrations, jeopardizing the country's production of 2.4 million barrels of oil a day.
During negotiations Saturday between the unions and government, organizers asked the government to restore an estimated $8 billion a year in fuel subsidies that keep gasoline prices low in Africa's most populous nation, the statement said. The government countered by promising to lower prices slightly, the unions said.
The talks broke down just before midnight, and the unions said that demonstrations against the government's decision would resume Monday.
President Goodluck Jonathan did not show up for a meeting with union representatives held at the presidential villa in Nigeria's capital Abuja, nor did Vice President Namadi Sambo. Instead, the nation's Senate president and its House speaker represented the government along with other officials.
Presidential spokesman Reuben Abati could not be immediately reached for comment Sunday. However, an Associated Press reporter saw Jonathan enter a meeting with labor officials late Sunday night at the presidential palace.
The strike began Jan. 9, paralyzing the nation of more than 160 million people. The root cause remains gasoline prices: Jonathan's government abandoned subsidies that kept gasoline prices low on Jan. 1, causing prices to spike from $1.70 per gallon (45 cents per liter) to at least $3.50 per gallon (94 cents per liter). The costs of food and transportation also largely doubled in a nation where most people live on less than $2 a day.
Anger over losing one of the few benefits average Nigerians see from living in an oil-rich country, as well as disgust over government corruption, led to demonstrations across the nation and violence that has killed at least 10 people. Red Cross volunteers have treated more than 600 people injured in protests since the strike began, the International Committee of the Red Cross said Friday.
The Petroleum and Natural Gas Senior Staff Association of Nigeria threatened Thursday to stop all oil production in Nigeria at midnight Saturday over the continued impasse in negotiations. The oil workers union said Thursday it had supported the strike in solidarity, but wanted to hold off until midnight Saturday to pull its workers from the fields due to the financial damage that could be done by production shutting down.
Though the president of the Nigeria Labor Congress said the production shutdown wouldn't take place late Saturday, oil workers association president Babatunde Ogun and other union officials have been unavailable for comment.
The association's ability to enforce a shutdown across the swamps of Nigeria's southern delta to its massive offshore oil fields remains in question. Much of Nigeria's land-based oil fields remain largely automated and an increasing amount of production comes from large offshore oil fields far from the country's coasts.
But the threat of a strike caused jitters on global oil markets Friday. Even if strikers are only partially successful, fears of tightened global supplies could raise oil prices by $5-$10 per barrel on futures markets in the upcoming week. Gasoline prices would follow, rising by as much as 10 cents per gallon and forcing U.S. drivers to spend an additional $36 million a day at the pump. Nigeria is the fifth-largest oil exporter to the United States.
The Nigeria Labor Congress and the Trade Union Congress called for a brief hiatus on demonstrations this weekend, allowing Nigerians to leave their homes to stock up on gasoline, food and other supplies. However, the mood remains tense in a nation already uneasy over recent sectarian attacks by a radical Islamist sect that have killed at least 67 people since the start of the year, according to an AP count.
The unions addressed that concern in their statement, saying: "We are ... not campaigning for 'regime change.'"
"The labor movement is wedded to democracy, therefore, anybody or group that wants a change in the political leadership of the country at whatever level should do so through the ballot box," the groups said.
However, tension could be felt at an Armed Services Remembrance Ceremony held Sunday in Abuja. The program, aired live on the state-run Nigerian Television Authority, showed a somber Jonathan attending. An announcer also tried to relax the crowd ahead of a 21-gun salute.
"Please, it is a part of the ceremony, don't panic," the announcer said.
Bashir Adigun in Abuja, Nigeria contributed to this report.
Jon Gambrell reported from Lagos, Nigeria and can be reached at www.twitter.com/jongambrellAP.