In today’s world, “walking a mile in someone else's shoes” really just sounds exhausting. Luckily, a new study published in the journal Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience suggests that acetaminophen, the generic name for the popular pain reliever Tylenol, may curb your ability to do just that.
Researchers at Ohio State University found that when subjects took acetaminophen prior to learning of another persons’ physical or emotional pain, they were less likely to empathize with the person than those who were given a placebo.
“These findings suggest other people’s pain doesn’t seem as big of a deal to you when you’ve taken acetaminophen,” said co-author Dominik Mischowski. “Acetaminophen can reduce empathy as well as serve as a painkiller.”
In two double-blind studies, the researchers measured the reactions of subjects “reading physical or social pain scenarios, witnessing ostracism in the lab, or visualizing another study participant receiving painful noise blasts,” finding that the group given acetaminophen were less likely to experience “perceived pain, personal distress, and empathic concern.”
This isn't the first time research has discovered that Tylenol dulls pain beyond the standard headache. Last year, researchers discovered that the popular pain reliever—which is taken by a quarter of U.S. adults each week—blunts positive stimuli in addition to negative ones. A separate study released in 2013 discovered that the pill also reduces existential anxiety.