With Democrats decrying the proposal as "madness," Republican state lawmakers on Thursday pushed through House Bill 99, which would allow school districts to send teachers and other staff to school with firearms.
The legislation, which Republican Gov. Mike DeWine said he "looks forward to signing," would let school employees carry guns to school after undergoing just 24 hours of training.
School districts in the state are already permitted to allow school employees to carry guns, but the state Supreme Court ruled a year ago that all employees need the same amount of firearm training a law enforcement agent would undergo before being armed—728 hours.
Republicans in the state legislature fast-tracked the bill to counter the ruling, with DeWine saying Thursday that the party had removed "hundreds of hours of curriculum irrelevant to school safety," allowing teachers and other employees to more easily carry weapons.
The legislation was passed just over a week after 19 children and two adults were killed in a massacre at Robb Elementary School in Uvalde, Texas by a shooter wielding two semi-automatic rifles—the latest high-profile school shooting which has renewed urgent calls for an assault weapons ban that's supported by more than 60% of Americans.
Meanwhile, Republicans including U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz, R-Texas, have pushed proposals to "harden" schools by making them accessible only through one door and by arming school staff.
In Ohio, H.B. 99 has been opposed by teachers' unions, gun control advocates, and law enforcement groups.
"We aren't trusted with the books we choose, but somehow we're supposed to be trusted with a gun in school?" Shari Obrenski, vice president of the Ohio Federation of Teachers, said in a hearing regarding the proposal, referring to the book-banning campaign Republicans are also focusing on across the nation.
State Sen. Theresa Fedor, a Democrat, warned Republican lawmakers that they "will have blood on [their] hands" if the legislation leads to a shooting in a school.
"I think it's crazy, the bill is crazy, and the people who support it—you really need to think about what you're doing," said Fedor.
"Teachers should not be tasked with stopping a shooter in their schools," said Randi Weingarten, president of the American Federation of Teachers. "Our lawmakers should be tasked with putting common-sense gun violence policy in place to do that."