Overdevelopment, Overpopulation, Overshoot
Container City: Shipping containers, indispensable tool of the globalized consumer economy, reflect the skyline in Singapore, one of the world’s busiest ports.
In his sixth State of the Union address, President Obama pitched what he called “concrete, practical proposals to speed up growth, strengthen the middle class, and build new ladders of opportunity into the middle class.”
As the president walked offstage, Salon called up State of the Union veteran Michael Waldman – a former Bill Clinton director of speechwriting who now helms the Brennan Center for Justice – to react to what was and wasn’t said. A condensed and edited version of our conversation follows.
Were there things that surprised you in this speech?
No. And you know, there rarely are with the State of the Union addresses. This one was no exception.
The major noteworthy thing, I think, was at the beginning, there was a burst of real optimism about the direction of the economy – not, “Oh, woe is us.” That’s new for him, and something that we haven’t heard before. And I think there is probably a desire to begin to change the public perception of how things are going.
Do you think that was the right move?
Yes, I do. Absolutely. I think that there is a disjunction between the energy that is starting to be felt in the economy, and the sort of way in which the political dysfunction in Washington holds things back. And I think he needs to start to be a cheerleader a bit for some of the progress in the economy.
Some people say talking that way suggests you’re not aware of how hard it is for some people. But I think it’s the right thing for him to do.
Are there things from this speech you think will be remembered a year, or a few years from now?
I would say no, nothing leaps to mind. But I would say you heard a more robust defense of the healthcare law than you usually have heard from him. And if the healthcare law takes hold, and is openly regarded as a success, I think that the way he talked about it today will be the narration to that.
How much of this speech, in rhetoric or content, could have been delivered by Bill Clinton?
The way he talked about opportunity, as being a chance for anyone who worked hard to get ahead — that’s both the American classic spirit, but also the way Clinton talked about it. It was a Democratic — big D – speech, and Clinton gave those too.
You told NPR beforehand that there’s “a negotiation with Congress often about what goes in the speech.” Was that in evidence in this speech?
I don’t know. No doubt, there’s kind of either an explicit or implicit negotiation with Congress about what goes in a speech like this — even things that are unilateral actions …
He talked about immigration – [something] he obviously cares about strongly, but one of these things where the more he talks about [it], the less likely you get Republican votes. Sometimes if you care about something, you don’t talk about it.
Were there other choices that stood out to you?
The question I have with these speeches [is]: Is there a way to tell a story about the country, and the direction it’s heading, or your vision of the role of government? I think there was. When you look at all the disparate pieces, there was that sense of positive movement in the country.
When I had to write these things, I never could entirely understand the complaint that they were laundry lists. They all fit together to me. But now that I’m an audience member, I kind of get the complaint … As an audience member, the disconnectedness is more evident …
The president talked about this being a year of action, talked about using the pen and the phone. State of the Union is not the place to announce all of these executive actions and all these steps. The test is not this one speech, but what he does over the coming months.
I thought there was real emotion and real power in the discussion of the minimum wage, and the discussion of the healthcare law … I thought that was great. Similarly, I thought the minimum wage, and the discussion of family leave, and women in the workplace … That was the emotional high point of the speech.
Man Covering His Mouth: A shepherd by the Yellow River cannot stand the smell, Inner Mongolia, China
Angry Crowd: People jostle for food relief distribution following the 2010 earthquake in Haiti
“Black Friday” Shoppers: Aggressive bargain hunters push through the front doors of the Boise Towne Square mall as they are opened at 1 a.m. Friday, Nov. 24, 2007, Boise, Idaho, USA
Suburban Sprawl: aerial view of landscape outside Miami, Florida, shows 13 golf courses amongst track homes on the edge of the Everglades.
Toxic Landscape: Aerial view of the tar sands region, where mining operations and tailings ponds are so vast they can be seen from outer space; Alberta, Canada
Ice Waterfall: In both the Arctic and Antarctic regions, ice is retreating. Melting water on icecap, North East Land, Svalbard, Norway
Satellite Dishes: The rooftops of Aleppo, Syria, one of the world’s oldest cities, are covered with satellite dishes, linking residents to a globalized consumer culture.
Child Brides: Tahani, 8, is seen with her husband Majed, 27, and her former classmate Ghada, 8, and her husband in Hajjah, Yemen, July 26, 2010.
Megalopolis: Shanghai, China, a sprawling megacity of 24 Million
Big Hole: The Mir Mine in Russia is the world’s largest diamond mine.
Clear-cut: Industrial forestry degrading public lands, Willamette National Forest, Oregon
Computer Dump: Massive quantities of waste from obsolete computers and other electronics are typically shipped to the developing world for sorting and/or disposal. Photo from Accra, Ghana.
Oil Spill Fire: Aerial view of an oil fire following the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil disaster, Gulf of Mexico
Airplane Contrails: Globalized transportation networks, especially commercial aviation, are a major contributor of air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions. Photo of contrails in the west London sky over the River Thames, London, England.
Fire: More frequent and more intense wildfires (such as this one in Colorado, USA) are another consequence of a warming planet.