When did French movies get so nasty? In the past few years, French cinema has had a "transgressive" strain operating at full tilt. At one end there's been the unsimulated sex in Leos Carax's "Pola X" and Catherine Breillat's "Romance." At the other there's the brutality of Bruno Dumont's "L'Humanité," which features a lingering shot of a woman's vagina after she has been raped and murdered; Gaspar Noé's "Seul Contre Tous" (released here as "I Stand Alone"), in which the butcher protagonist beats his pregnant wife and indulges in a fantasy of having sex and then murdering his mentally retarded daughter.
I couldn't even bring myself to see Michael Haneke's "Funny Games," which deals with two psychos who invade a family's home and murder them all. And the current issue of French "Premiere" includes some eye-popping blood-drenched images from Claire Denis' coming vampire and cannibalism movie "Trouble Every Day."
But with the exception of Breillat's "Romance," a cold and ferocious movie, most of these films have been too calculated to be truly disturbing. The crotch shot of "Humanite" could even be used in art-history exams with students asked to name the art work it's based on, Duchamp's "Étant donnés." (A later crotch shot is based on Courbet's "The Origin of the World.") And in "Seul Contre Tous," Noé uses a device that's pure William Castle. Just before the big sex-and-murder finale, a title flashes on the screen telling us we have 30 seconds to leave the theater. It's followed a few seconds later by a big red title flashing "WARNING."
There's a strain of smug self-satisfaction in the way these movies set out to shock their audience, an adolescent devotion to épater le bourgeoisie. Next to the work being done in the French cinema by the likes of Olivier Assayas, Martine Dugowson and Claire Denis, and the vitality that still shines from the work of Jacques Rivette, Agnàs Varda and Chris Marker, these pictures seem like the equivalent of those novels by hot young writers that are publicized on the basis of how raw and shocking they are.
This new subgenre of French cinema reaches some sort of apotheosis with "Baise-Moi," which is being released here under the title "Rape Me," presumably because the correct translation "Fuck Me" wouldn't get into newspapers or on a billboard. "Baise-Moi" proved to be even a bit too much for the French. Three days after its release and following complaints from right-wing politicians, the movie was reclassified with a rating that effectively banned it from all but a few French porno houses. In a way, that's appropriate, because "Baise-Moi" is porn. (Being a fan of porn, I should note that I use that word purely descriptively, not pejoratively.)
The co-director Coralie Trinh Thi (she made the film with Virginie Despentes, on whose novel it's based) has worked in the French porn industry, as have the two lead actresses, Raffaëla Anderson and Karen Bach (also known as Karen Lancaume). That's fortunate, since they're called on to perform hardcore sex scenes throughout the movie.
The story follows two women, the tall, slightly zonked hooker Nadine (Bach), and the diminutive Manu (Anderson), a sometime porn actress. After each commits a murder and goes on the lam, they meet up and go on a sex-and-murder spree that's motivated by nothing more than boredom. "Baise-Moi" is basically feminist pulp made by people who swallowed Sartre whole. (I'm speaking figuratively; Sartre does not appear in the film.) Life is deadening, spirit-destroying, so these two have made the decision to feel alive by fucking and/or killing whoever crosses their path. Their first murder is a woman they rob at an ATM machine; another victim is a guy they pick up and turn against when he wants to use a condom. Kicking him to death, they proclaim themselves "the condom dickhead killers!"
In classic, dime-store existential fashion, the women are presented as freer than the society whose rules they shun. But there's no charm, no wit to these characters. They have nothing like the grubby capacity for joy you see in the sometimes brutal drifters played by Gérard Depardieu and Patrick Dewaere in Bertrand Blier's "Going Places," a movie that, nearly 30 years after it was made, still has the power to unsettle you.
So, even with a running time of 77 minutes, the piling up of sex and murders in "Baise-moi" becomes rote. And the static quality is the movie's rigid point: Whenever they're not fucking or killing, the women are blanks, stone-faced, bored. "Baise-Moi," which is didactic, clumsily directed and abysmally acted, never lets go of its intellectualized approach long enough to deliver any real kinetic thrills.
Just because "Baise-Moi" is a dumb movie doesn't mean there isn't an idea behind it. Thi and Despentes have used porn movies as a template for "Baise-Moi." What they want to do is take what they see as images made for male erotic delectation and put them in the service of feminist consciousness and empowerment. Which is basically a fancy way of saying they want to turn the tables on the expectations that porn sets up. For instance, there's a long sequence where Nadine and Manu dance around their hotel room in their underwear. If you've seen any porn, the body language of the women in this scene as well as the way the film is shot, are both clearly working to make you expect that they will have sex. The point of the sequence, though, is that they don't have sex, thus defusing the male gratification that's the point of porn's ubiquitous lesbian scenes.
Every sex scene in the film is shot like a porn sex scene -- that is, the women are positioned so we can see a penis going in and out of whatever orifice, and the men have all been chosen for the size of their genitalia. Furthermore, the men are almost all abusers, pushers, rapists or braggarts. As a filmic extension of the threat their heroines represent, Thi and Despentes have overlaid porn tropes with the constant threat of violence against the male partners, which is meant to de-eroticize the sex.
It's not a particularly original or compelling idea, but it serves its purpose. But at the same time it's actually the best argument against the movie's "daring." "Baise-Moi" can't pretend to be this taboo-breaking, liberating film when it's trotting out the clichés, beloved of both some anti-porn feminists and the religious right, that porn and sex equal abuse and death. And the use of porn conventions backfires badly in a scene near the beginning of the film, in which Manu and a friend of hers are abducted and raped. Manu is so used to being abused she takes the attack stoically, even managing to stop it when she ridicules the size of her attacker's penis. Her friend, however, screams and wails and fights back, and it's during this woman's rape that Thi and Despentes include an insertion shot. Clearly, they intend to put the most common shot in all pornography in the context of sexual violence. And you can argue that the rape has a place in a movie about a world of sexual brutality.
But with that weird combination of documentary and fiction that is the basis of porn, the insertion shot throws you out of the reality of the scene. Obviously, the actress agreed to do the scene; she wasn't really raped, so, paradoxically, the reality of the penetration destroys the scene's believability. It also destroys any claim the filmmakers have to sensitivity. This woman figures in no way in the rest of the film -- yet we still have to see her brutally raped. And it's hard not to reach the conclusion that the filmmakers have included it for the same reason that an exploitation filmmaker would -- for a cheap thrill -- but with a lot less honesty than an exploitation filmmaker because it's dressed up in the movie's ideological posturing.
I can understand moviegoers who find the movie's mix of hardcore sex and horror-movie violence unpleasant or distasteful. But I think you'd have to be very impressionable to get worked up about "Baise-Moi" one way or the other, to find it a daring, dangerous piece of moviemaking or an affront. (America has produced plenty of porn and plenty of violent road movies that are a lot better, and a lot more honest in their intent, than "Baise-Moi.") Who's going to be shocked by "Baise-Moi" among the people who will go to see it during its American art-house run? People who've never seen a porn or horror movie, that's who.
Inevitably, "Baise-Moi" has been compared to Breillat's "Romance." (Breillat came to the defense of the film when it was banned in France, too.) Breillat's film is the exact opposite of "Baise-Moi," though (and not just because it's good). In "Romance," the story of a young woman who embarks on a sexual odyssey when her self-involved actor boyfriend refuses to have sex with her any longer, Breillat's provocation is of a very cool variety. She doesn't alert us that what she's doing as daring; she just presents her sex scenes as the logical culmination of her exploration of the vagaries of desire. "Romance" startles you because it draws a line that other filmmakers may not be willing to cross: it makes it seem timid and foolish to pretend to address sex and then to shy away from the act itself. "Romance" makes every post-coital scene where the actress's breasts are hidden in the makeshift turban fashioned from sheets seem ridiculous. But "Romance" is the work of a filmmaker. "Baise-Moi" is the work of a wall-scrawler, and not nearly the fun that a nasty, smutty joke should be.