(AP/Richard Drew)

European Union orders Apple to pay Ireland $14.5 billion in back taxes

CEO Tim Cook defended his company's decades-long skirting of tax laws by claiming it saved Cork in the '80s


Scott Eric Kaufman
August 30, 2016 4:45PM (UTC)

The European Commission (EC) ruled Tuesday that the 24-year-long collaboration between Apple and Ireland's tax authorities constituted a deliberate effort to circumvent both American and Irish tax codes, and ordered the company to pay $14.5 billion in back taxes to Ireland.

Apple CEO Tim Cook called the EC's decision "unprecedented" and said it would have a "profound and harmful effect" on how tech companies deal with European Union countries going forward. In an open letter to members of "the Apple Community in Europe," Cook justified his company's claim to have its international headquarters in Cork, citing the benevolent instincts that led it to open its first office there.

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"[I]n October 1980, Apple opened a factory in Cork, Ireland with 60 employees," he said. "At the time, Cork was suffering from high unemployment and extremely low economic investment. But Apple’s leaders saw a community rich with talent, and one they believed could accommodate growth if the company was fortunate enough to succeed."

"We have," Cook continued, "operated continuously in Cork ever since, even through periods of uncertainty about our own business, and today we employ nearly 6,000 people across Ireland."

The European Commission, he claimed, wants to "rewrite Apple's history in Europe" in order to exert more authority over the tax laws in the countries under its aegis. "It is effectively proposing to replace Irish tax laws with a view of what the Commission thinks the law should have been," Cook argued.

"This would strike a devastating blow to the sovereignty of EU member states over their own tax matters, and to the principle of certainty of law in Europe."

Luca Maestri, the chief financial officer at Apple, defended the company not on anti-federalist grounds, but as a capitalist, telling CNBC that "Apple is the largest taxpayer in Ireland, Apple is the largest taxpayer in the U.S., Apple is the largest taxpayer in the world" -- as if being the "largest" necessarily meant one paid one's fair share.


Scott Eric Kaufman

Scott Eric Kaufman is an assistant editor at Salon. He taught at a university, but then thought better of it. Follow him at @scottekaufman or email him at skaufman@salon.com.

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