Grainy images of the dark side of the Moon were first revealed in October of 1959, taken by the Soviet Luna 3 probe. Now, for the first time ever, NASA's Scientific Visualization Studio is giving Earthlings a detailed animated visualization of a side of the Moon we don't see -- the dark side of the moon.
The animation was made using five years of data from NASA's Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO), a mission that launched in June of 2009, 50 years after the Luna 3 probe. The "hundreds of terabytes of data" that LRO has returned to NASA allowed scientists to learn more about this side of the Moon, and create detailed maps. NASA explains the topography of the far side of the Moon:
"Just like the near side, the far side goes through a complete cycle of phases. But the terrain of the far side is quite different. It lacks the large dark spots, called maria, that make up the familiar Man in the Moon on the near side. Instead, craters of all sizes crowd together over the entire far side. The far side is also home to one of the largest and oldest impact features in the solar system, the South Pole-Aitken basin, visible here as a slightly darker bruise covering the bottom third of the disk."
And here is this from BBC: