Looking for a new way to perk up your meat-free meals? Tempeh is a plant-based protein made from fermented soybeans that's easy to find, easy to cook, and well-worth a spot on your weekly shopping list. Nutritious, flavorful, and versatile, tempeh is on a steady rise in popularity, giving tofu a run for its money. Plus it's vegetarian (vegan, actually!) and gluten-free, meaning just about anyone can fall in love with it.
What is tempeh
Tempeh is made by cooking, hulling, and fermenting dried soybeans with a yeast starter — similar to sourdough starter but made with rice flour instead of wheat. The resulting mixture is drained and compressed into slabs that are typically sliced, cubed, or crumbled. What may appear to be white mold on the outside of tempeh actually is white mold: remnants of the fermentation (like the rind on Brie), and a natural, harmless, flavorless part of the process. Thanks, helpful white mold!
What does tempeh taste like?
More savory on its own than tofu or seitan, tempeh has a pronounced nutty, slightly tangy flavor — with plenty of umami notes, courtesy of the fermentation process — and readily takes on the essence of whatever it's prepared with. It may prove a little bland just raw straight from the package, so it's best to cook it before eating (and the possibilities are boundless!).
A rich source of nutrients (particularly B vitamins and calcium), tempeh has more calories and healthy fats than other popular plant-based proteins. It's high in carbohydrates and fiber for sustained energy release, and it ranks low on the glycemic index.
Where to buy tempeh
Supermarkets that sell tofu and vegan-meat substitutes will usually carry packaged tempeh in the same refrigerated case. Health-food and specialty markets may carry several brands, as well as variations like marinated tempeh or frozen crumbles. Store tempeh for up to a week in the refrigerator, or freeze for up to three months.
How to use tempeh
Owing to its chewy texture and sturdy composition, tempeh is well-suited for frying, grilling, baking, stewing, and crumbling for a texture similar to animal protein in chilis, pasta sauce, and grain bowls. Other flavor-packed ways to use tempeh:
- Sliced and grilled for tacos
- Cubed and used to top vegetarian pizza
- Marinated and air-fried for a hearty sandwich
- Seasoned, seared, and served on a colorful salad
- Infused with smoky umami flavors and cooked like bacon for a tofu scramble
- Sauteed with sausage seasonings and served over polenta with tomato sauce