Vast quantities of lies from top U.S. government officials led up to the Iraq invasion. Now, marking its 20th anniversary, the same media outlets that eagerly boosted those lies are offering retrospectives. Don't expect them to shed light on the most difficult truths, including their own complicity in pushing for war.
What propelled the United States to start the war on Iraq in March 2003 was a dangerous dynamic of media and politics that is still very much with us today.
Soon after 9/11, one of the rhetorical whips brandished by President George W. Bush was an unequivocal assertion while speaking to a joint session of Congress on Sept. 20, 2001: "Every nation, in every region, now has a decision to make. Either you are with us, or you are with the terrorists." Thrown down, that gauntlet received adulation and scant criticism in the United States. Mainstream media and members of Congress were almost all enthralled with a Manichaean worldview that has evolved and persisted.
Our current era is filled with echoes of such oratory from the current president. A few months before fist-bumping Saudi Arabia's de facto ruler Mohammed bin Salman — who's been in charge of a tyrannical regime making war on Yemen, causing several hundred thousand deaths since 2015 with U.S. government help — Joe Biden mounted a pulpit of supreme virtue during his 2022 State of the Union address.
Biden proclaimed "an unwavering resolve that freedom will always triumph over tyranny." He added that "in the battle between democracy and autocracies, democracies are rising to the moment." There was no mention of his support for Saudi autocracy and war.
In that State of the Union speech, Biden devoted much emphasis to condemning Russia's war on Ukraine, as he has many times since. Biden's presidential hypocrisies do not in any way justify the horrors that Russian forces are inflicting in Ukraine. Nor does that war justify the deadly hypocrisies that pervade U.S. foreign policy.
As we pass the 20th anniversary of the U.S. invasion of Iraq, don't hold your breath for media retrospectives to mention basic facts about the key roles played by Joe Biden and Antony Blinken, who is now his secretary of state. When those two men denounce Russia, solemnly insisting that it is never acceptable for one country to invade another, the Orwellian irony is shameless.
Want a daily wrap-up of all the news and commentary Salon has to offer? Subscribe to our morning newsletter, Crash Course.
Last month, speaking to the UN Security Council, Blinken invoked "the principles and rules that make all countries safer and more secure" — such as "no seizing land by force" and "no wars of aggression." But Biden and Blinken were crucial accessories to the massive war of aggression that was the invasion of Iraq. On the rare occasions when Biden has been put on the spot for his role in making the Iraq invasion politically possible, his response has been to dissemble and tell outright lies.
"Biden has a long history of inaccurate claims" regarding Iraq, scholar Stephen Zunes pointed out four years ago. "For example, in the lead-up to the critical Senate vote authorizing the invasion, Biden used his role as chair of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee to insist that Iraq somehow reconstituted a vast arsenal of chemical and biological weapons, a nuclear weapons program and sophisticated delivery systems that had long since been eliminated." The false claim of supposed weapons of mass destruction in Iraq was the main pretext for the invasion.
That falsehood was challenged in real time, many months before the invasion, by numerous experts. But then-Sen. Biden, wielding the gavel of the Foreign Relations Committee, excluded them all from two days of high-impact sham hearings in the summer of 2002.
Who was chief of staff of that committee at that time? Antony Blinken.
We're apt to put Biden and Blinken in a completely different category than someone like Tariq Aziz, Iraq's deputy prime minister during the latter days of despot Saddam Hussein. But as I think back to the three meetings with Aziz that I attended in Baghdad during the months before the invasion, I have some doubts.
As chair of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, Joe Biden blocked all challenges to the claim that Iraq had chemical and biological weapons. His chief of staff on that committee was Antony Blinken.
Aziz wore nicely tailored business suits. Speaking excellent English in measured tones and well-crafted sentences, he had an erudite air and considerable politesse as he greeted our four-member delegation (which I had organized with colleagues at the Institute for Public Accuracy). Our group included Rep. Nick Rahall of West Virginia, former South Dakota senator James Abourezk and Conscience International president James Jennings. As it turned out, our meeting with Aziz occurred six months before the U.S. invasion.
At that meeting in September of 2002, Aziz concisely summed up a reality that few U.S. media outlets were acknowledging. "It's doomed if you do, doomed if you don't," Aziz said, referring to the Iraqi government's choice about whether or not to let UN weapons inspectors back into the country.
After meetings with Aziz and other Iraqi officials, I told the Washington Post: "If it was strictly a matter of the inspections and they felt there was a light at the end of the tunnel, this would be a totally fixable problem." But it was nowhere near that straightforward. The Bush administration was determined to make war on Iraq.
A couple of days after the Aziz meeting, Iraq's regime — which accurately stated that it had no weapons of mass destruction — announced that it would allow UN inspectors back into the country. (They had been withdrawn four years earlier for their safety on the eve of an anticipated U.S. bombing attack.) But this compliance with the UN was to no avail. U.S. government leaders — including members of both parties — wanted to launch an invasion of Iraq, no matter what.
During two later meetings with Aziz, in December 2002 and January 2003, I was repeatedly struck by his capacity to seem cultured and refined. While acting as principal spokesperson for a vicious dictator, he exuded sophistication. I thought of the words "the urbanity of evil."
A well-informed source told me that Saddam Hussein maintained leverage over Aziz by keeping his son in jeopardy of imprisonment or worse, to ensure that Aziz would not defect or otherwise step out of line. Whether or not that was the case, he remained loyal to the end. As a character in Jean Renoir's film "The Rules of the Game" says, "The awful thing about life is this: Everybody has their reasons."
Tariq Aziz had good reasons to fear for his life, and the lives of his loved ones, if he ran afoul of Saddam. In contrast, many politicians and officials in Washington have gone along with murderous policies when the likely cost of dissenting would only have been re-election, prestige, money or power.
I last saw Aziz in January 2003, while accompanying a former UN humanitarian coordinator in Iraq to meet with him. Talking to the two of us in his Baghdad office, Aziz seemed to understand that an invasion was virtually certain. It began two months later. The Pentagon was pleased to brand its horrific air attacks on the city as "shock and awe."
On July 1, 2004, appearing before an Iraqi judge in a courtroom on a U.S. military base near Baghdad airport, Aziz said: "What I want to know is, are these charges personal? Is it Tariq Aziz carrying out these killings? If I am a member of a government that makes the mistake of killing someone, then there can't justifiably be an accusation against me personally. Where there is a crime committed by the leadership, the moral responsibility rests there, and there shouldn't be a personal case just because somebody belongs to the leadership." He went on to say, "I never killed anybody, by the acts of my own hand."
The invasion that Joe Biden helped to inflict on Iraq resulted in a war that directly killed several hundred thousand civilians. If he were ever called to account in person for his role, Biden might well say something similar.
from Norman Solomon on war and peace